Nancy Sottos

Description

Address

  • 3365 Beckman Institute
  • 405 North Mathews Avenue
  • Urbana, Illinois 61801

Biography

Nancy Sottos received her Ph.D. (Mechanical Engineering) in 1991 from the University of Delaware. She is a professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering and a part-time faculty member in the Beckman Institute Autonomous Materials Systems group. Her research interests focus on the mechanics of complex, heterogeneous materials including autonomic materials systems, advanced composites, and thin film devices.

Honors

Member of the editorial board, Composite Science and Technology, 2002-present; Senior Technical Editor, Experimental Mechanics, 2003-present; Hetényi Award, Society for Experimental Mechanics (2004); American Society for Composite Materials Best Paper Award (2002, 2003); University Scholar (2002); University of Delaware Presidential Citation for Outstanding Achievement (2002); Tech Museum of Innovation Award Finalist-Technology Benefiting Humanity (2001); Robert E. Miller Award for Teaching Excellence (1999); UIUC Best Advisor List (1992, 1998, 1999, 2002); ONR Young Investigator Award (1992).

Research

Professor Sottos' research group specializes in meso-scale characterization of deformation and failure in complex, heterogeneous material systems ranging from advanced composites to integrated thin film devices. She has developed a number of interferometric techniques to investigate in-situ mechanical response with a recent emphasis on coupled field behavior at sub-micron length scales. She is also interested in residual stress development during processing and patterning of thin films and its effect on mechanical response.

Her work at the Beckman Institute, carried out in collaboration with Professors Scott White, Jeff Moore, and Paul Braun in the Autonomous Materials Systems group, addresses issues in the development of autonomic materials systems that have the ability to achieve adaptation and response in an independent and automatic fashion. This new paradigm in materials design is inspired by biological systems in which damage triggers an autonomic healing response, or differentiation, maturation and genetic coding provide the instructions for structural adaptation and replication. An example of this research is the recent breakthrough in self-healing polymers. A polymer capable of autonomically healing damage and recovering 90% of its virgin fracture toughness was developed using embedded microencapsulated healing agents and catalytic chemical triggers. Professor Sottos' group is investigating new experimental methods to quantify autonomic response (e.g. the healing efficiency of a self-healing polymer) and understanding this response in terms of the materials chemistry, processing and microstructure.

Professor Sottos' sources of research funding include NSF, AFOSR and industry.

Publications

  • 2016
    • Coppola, A. M.; Warpinski, L. G.; Murray, S. P.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Survival of Actively Cooled Microvascular Polymer Matrix Composites under Sustained Thermomechanical Loading. Composites Part a-Applied Science and Manufacturing 2016, 82, 170-179, DOI:10.1016/j.compositesa.2015.12.010.
    • Li, W. L.; Matthews, C. C.; Yang, K.; Odarczenko, M. T.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Autonomous Indication of Mechanical Damage in Polymeric Coatings. Advanced Materials 2016, 28, (11), 2189-2194, DOI:10.1002/adma.201505214.
    • Safdari, M.; Najafi, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Geubelle, P. H., A Nurbs-Based Generalized Finite Element Scheme for 3D Simulation of Heterogeneous Materials. Journal of Computational Physics 2016, 318, 373-390, DOI:10.1016/j.jcp.2016.05.004.
  • 2015
    • Safdari, M.; Najafi, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Geubelle, P. H., A Nurbs-Based Interface-Enriched Generalized Finite Element Method for Problems with Complex Discontinuous Gradient Fields. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering 2015, 101, (12), 950-964, DOI:10.1002/Nme.4852.

    • Park, C. W.; Kang, S.-K.; Lopez-Hernandez, H.; Kaitz, J. A.; Wie, D. S.; Shin, J.; Lee, O. P.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; Rogers, J. A.; White, S. R., Thermally Triggered Degradation of Transient Electronic Devices. Advanced Materials 2015, 7, 3783-3788, DOI:10.1002/adma201501180.

    • Kang, S.; Baginska, M.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Core-Shell Polymeric Microcapsules with Superior Thermal and Solvent Stability. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015, 7, (20), 10952-10956, DOI: 10.1021/ACSami.5b02169.

    • Hart, K. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Repeatable Self-Healing of an Epoxy Matrix Using Imidazole Initiated Polymerization. Polymer 2015, 67, 174-178.

    • Gladman, A. S.; Celestine, A. D. N.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Autonomic Healing of Acrylic Bone Cement. Advanced Healthcare Materials 2015, 4, (2), 202-207, DOI: 10.1002/adhm.201400084.

    • Gergely, R. C. R.; Pety, S. J.; Krull, B. P.; Patrick, J. F.; Doan, T. Q.; Coppola, A. M.; Thakre, P. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Multidimensional Vascularized Polymers Using Degradable Sacrificial Templates. Advanced Functional Materials 2015, 25, (7), 1043-1052, DOI:10.1002/adfm.201403670.

    • Celestine, A.-D. N.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Autonomic Healing of PMMA via Microencapsulated Solvent. Polymer 2015, 69, 241-248.

    • Baginska, M.; Kaitz, J. A.; Jones, A. R.; Long, B. R.; Gewirth, A. A.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Electropolymerization of Microencapsulated 3-Hexylthiophene for Lithium-Ion Battery Applications. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2015, 162, (3), A373-A377, DOI:10.1149/2.0451503jes.

    • Celestine, A. D. N.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Autonomic Healing of PMMA via Microencapsulated Solvent. Polymer 2015, 69, 241-248, DOI:10.1016/j.polymer.2015.03.072.
    • Coppola, A. M.; Griffin, A. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Retention of Mechanical Performance of Polymer Matrix Composites above the Glass Transition Temperature by Vascular Cooling. Composites Part a-Applied Science and Manufacturing 2015, 78, 412-423, DOI:10.1016/j.compositesa.2015.07.012.
    • Coppola, A. M.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Autonomic Cooling of Composites using Transpiration. Proceedings of the American Society for Composites: Thirtieth Technical Conference 2015 1320-1326.
    • Diesendruck, C. E.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Biomimetic Self-Healing. Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 2015, 54, (36), 10428-10447, DOI:10.1002/anie.201500484.
    • Jones, A. R.; Watkins, C. A.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Self-Healing Thermoplastic-Toughened Epoxy. Polymer 2015, 74, 254-261, DOI:10.1016/j.polymer.2015.07.028.
    • Park, C. W.; Kang, S. K.; Hernandez, H. L.; Kaitz, J. A.; Wie, D. S.; Shin, J.; Lee, O. P.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; Rogers, J. A.; White, S. R., Thermally Triggered Degradation of Transient Electronic Devices. Advanced Materials 2015, 27, (25), 3783-3788, DOI:10.1002/adma.201501180.
    • Yang, K.; Lee, J.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., Shock-Induced Ordering in a Nano-Segregated Network-Forming Ionic Liquid. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2015, 137, (51), 16000-16003, DOI:10.1021/jACS.5b10721.
  • 2014
    • Beiermann, B. A.; Kramer, S. L. B.; May, P. A.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., The Effect of Polymer Chain Alignment and Relaxation on Force- Induced Chemical Reactions in an Elastomer. Advanced Functional Materials 2014, 24, (11), 1529-1537, DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201302341.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Jones, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Microencapsulation of Gallium-Indium (Ga-In) Liquid Metal for Self-Healing Applications. Journal of Microencapsulation 2014, 31, (4), 350-354, DOI: 10.3109/02652048.2013.858790.

    • Coppola, A. M.; Thakre, P. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Tensile Properties and Damage Evolution in Vascular 3D Woven Glass/Epoxy Composites. Composites Part A-Applied Science and Manufacturing 2014, 59, 9-17, DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2013.12.006.

    • Grady, M. E.; Beiermann, B. A.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Shockwave Loading of Mechanochemically Active Polymer Coatings. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014, 6, (8), 5350-5355, DOI: 10.1021/am406028q.

    • Grady, M. E.; Geubelle, P. H.; Sottos, N. R., Interfacial Adhesion of Photodefinable Polyimide Films on Passivated Silicon. Thin Solid Films 2014, 552, 116-123, DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2013.11.085.

    • Jin, H. H.; Mangun, C. L.; Griffin, A. S.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Thermally Stable Autonomic Healing in Epoxy Using a Dual-Microcapsule System. Advanced Materials 2014, 26, (2), 282-287, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201303179.

    • Jones, A. R.; Cintora, A.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Autonomic Healing of Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Interfaces. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014, 6, (9), 6033-6039, DOI: 10.1021/am500536t.

    • Jones, E. M. C.; Silberstein, M. N.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., In Situ Measurements of Strains in Composite Battery Electrodes During Electrochemical Cycling. Experimental Mechanics 2014, 54, 971-985.

    • Kang, S.; Jones, A. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Microencapsulated Carbon Black Suspensions for Restoration of Electrical Conductivity. Advanced Functional Materials 2014, 24, 2947-2956, DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201303427.

    • Olugebefola, S. C.; Hamilton, A. R.; Fairfield, D. J.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Structural Reinforcement of Microvascular Networks Using Electrostatic Layer-by-Layer Assembly with Halloysite Nanotubes. Soft Matter 2014, 10, (4), 544-548, DOI: 10.1039/c3sm52288a.

    • Patrick, J. F.; Hart, K. R.; Krull, B. P.; Diesendruck, C. E.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Continuous Self-Healing Life Cycle in Vascularized Structural Composites. Advanced Materials 2014, 26, 4189-4396.

    • Silberstein, M. N.; Cremar, L. D.; Beiermann, B. A.; Kramer, S. B.; Martinez, T. J.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Modeling Mechanophore Activation within a Viscous Rubbery Network. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 2014, 63, 141-153, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2013.09.014.

    • Sottos, N. R., Polymer Mechanochemistry Flex, Release and Repeat. Nature Chemistry 2014, 6, (5), 381-383, DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1927.

    • White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; Krull, B. P.; Cruz, W. A. S.; Gergely, R. C. R., Restoration of Large Damage Volumes in Polymers. Science 2014, 344, (6184), 620-623, DOI: 10.1126/science.1251135.

    • Hernandez, H. L.; Kang, S. K.; Lee, O. P.; Hwang, S. W.; Kaitz, J. A.; Inci, B.; Park, C. W.; Chung, S. J.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; Rogers, J. A.; White, S. R., Triggered Transience of Metastable Poly(Phthalaldehyde) for Transient Electronics. Advanced Materials 2014, 26, (45), 7637-7642, DOI:10.1002/adma.201403045.

    • Grady, M. E.; Geubelle, P. H.; Braun, P. V.; Sottos, N. R., Molecular Tailoring of Interfacial Failure. Langmuir 2014, 30, (37), 11096-11102, DOI:10.1021/La502271k.

    • Grady, M. E.; Beiermann, B. A.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Shockwave Loading of Mechanochemically Active Polymer Coatings. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014, 6, (8), 5350-5355, DOI: 10.1021/Am406028q.

    • Celestine, A. D. N.; Beiermann, B. A.; May, P. A.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Fracture-Induced Activation in Mechanophore-Linked, Rubber Toughened PMMA. Polymer 2014, 55, (16), 4164-4171, DOI:10.1016/j.polymer.2014.06.019.

    • Baginska, M.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Rajh, T.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Enhanced Autonomic Shutdown of Li-Ion Batteries by Polydopamine Coated Polyethylene Microspheres. Journal of Power Sources 2014, 269, 735-739, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.07.048.

  • 2013
    • Anderson, C. A.; Jones, A. R.; Briggs, E. M.; Novitsky, E. J.; Kuykendall, D. W.; Sottos, N. R.; Zimmerman, S. C., High-Affinity DNA Base Analogs as Supramolecular, Nanoscale Promoters of Macroscopic Adhesion. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2013, 135, (19), 7288-7295, DOI: 10.1021/ja4005283.

    • Degen, C. M.; May, P. A.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Time-Dependent Mechanochemical Response of SP-Cross-Linked PMMA. Macromolecules 2013, 46, (22), 8917-8921, DOI: 10.1021/ma4018845.

    • Jin, H.; Hart, K. R.; Coppola, A. M.; Gergely, R. C.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Self-Healing Epoxies and Their Composites, In Self-Healing Polymers: From Principles to Applications. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2013, 361-376.

    • Jin, H.; Miller, G. M.; Pety, S. J.; Griffin, A. S.; Stradley, D. S.; Roach, D.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Fracture Behavior of a Self-Healing, Toughened Epoxy Adhesive. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives 2013, 44, 157-165.

    • Jones, A. R.; Blaiszik, B. J.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Full Recovery of Fiber/Matrix Interfacial Bond Strength Using a Microencapsulated Solvent-Based Healing System. Composites Science and Technology 2013, 79, 1-7.

    • King, A. J.; Patrick, J. F.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Huff, G. H.; Bernhard, J. T., Microfluidically Switched Frequency-Reconfigurable Slot Antennas. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 2013, 12, 828-831, DOI: 10.1109/lawp.2013.2270940.

    • Kramer, S. L. B.; Beiermann, B. A.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Simultaneous Observation of Phase-Stepped Images for Photoelasticity Using Diffraction Gratings. Experimental Mechanics 2013, 3, 327-332.

    • Lee, C. K.; Beiermann, B. A.; Silberstein, M. N.; Wang, J.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; Braun, P. V., Exploiting Force Sensitive Spiropyrans as Molecular Level Probes. Macromolecules 2013, 46, (10), 3746-3752, DOI: 10.1021/ma4005428.

    • Makeev, M. A.; Geubelle, P. H.; Sottos, N. R.; Kieffer, J., Interfacial Adhesive Properties between a Rigid-Rod Pyromellitimide Molecular Layer and a Covalent Semiconductor via Atomistic Simulations. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2013, 5, (11), 4702-4711, DOI: 10.1021/am3031163.

    • Mangun, C. L.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Jin, H.; Moll, J. L. Self-Sealing Composite Sandwich Structures; Destech Publications, Inc: Lancaster, 2013.

    • Moll, J. L.; Jin, H. H.; Mangun, C. L.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Self-Sealing of Mechanical Damage in a Fully Cured Structural Composite. Composites Science and Technology 2013, 79, 15-20.

    • Silberstein, M. N.; Min, K. M.; Cremar, L. D.; Degen, C. M.; Martinez, T. J.; Aluru, N. R.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Modeling Mechanophore Activation within a Crosslinked Glassy Matrix. Journal of Applied Physics 2013, 114, (2), DOI: 10.1063/1.4812581.

    • Soghrati, S.; Najafi, A. R.; Lin, J. H.; Hughes, K. M.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Geubelle, P. H., Computational Analysis of Actively-Cooled 3D Woven Microvascular Composites Using a Stabilized Interface-Enriched Generalized Finite Element Method. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 2013, 65, 153-164, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.05.054.

  • 2012
    • Losego, M. D.; Grady, M. E.; Sottos, N. R.; Cahill, D. G.; Braun, P. V., Effects of Chemical Bonding on Heat Transport across Interfaces. Nature Materials 2012, 11, (6), 502-506.

    • Odom, S. A.; Chayanupatkul, S.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Zhao, O.; Jackson, A. C.; Braun, P. V.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., A Self-Healing Conductive Ink. Advanced Materials 2012, 24, (19), 2578-2581.

    • Diesendruck, C. E.; Steinberg, B. D.; Sugai, N.; Silberstein, M. N.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Braun, P. V.; Moore, J. S., Proton-Coupled Mechanochemical Transduction: A Mechanogenerated Add. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2012, 134, (30), 12446-12449.

    • Hamilton, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Mitigation of Fatigue Damage in Self-Healing Vascular Materials. Polymer 2012, 53, (24), 5575-5581.

    • Odom, S. A.; Tyler, T. P.; Caruso, M. M.; Ritchey, J. A.; Schulmerich, M. V.; Robinson, S. J.; Bhargava, R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Hersam, M. C.; Moore, J. S., Autonomic Restoration of Electrical Conductivity Using Polymer-Stabilized Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Microcapsules. Applied Physics Letters 2012, 101, (4).

    • Patrick, J. F.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Microvascular Based Self-Healing Polymeric Foam. Polymer 2012, 53, (19), 4231-4240.

    • Jin, H. H.; Mangun, C. L.; Stradley, D. S.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Self-Healing Thermoset Using Encapsulated Epoxy-Amine Healing Chemistry. Polymer 2012, 53, (2), 581-587.

    • Baginska, M.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Merriman, R. J.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Autonomic Shutdown of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Thermoresponsive Microspheres. Advanced Energy Materials 2012, 2, (5), 583-590.

    • Beiermann, B. A.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Role of Mechanophore Orientation in Mechanochemical Reactions. ACS Macro Letters 2012, 1, (1), 163-166.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Grady, M. E.; McIlroy, D. A.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Autonomic Restoration of Electrical Conductivity. Advanced Materials 2012, 24, (3), 398-+.

    • Dong, H. D.; Esser-Kahn, A. P.; Thakre, P. R.; Patrick, J. F.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Chemical Treatment of Poly(Lactic Acid) Fibers to Enhance the Rate of Thermal Depolymerization. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2012, 4, (2), 503-509.

    • Hamilton, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Pressurized Vascular Systems for Self- Healing Materials. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2012, 9, (70), 1020-1028.

  • 2011
    • Hansen, C. J.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Lewis, J. A., Accelerated Self-Healing Via Ternary Interpenetrating Microvascular Networks. Advanced Functional Materials 2011, 21, (22), 4320-4326.

    • Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., MATERIALS CHEMISTRY Spot-on healing. Nature 2011, 472, (7343), 299-300. 

    • Tran, P.; Kandula, S. S.; Geubelle, P. H.; Sottos, N. R., Comparison of dynamic and quasi-static measurements of thin film adhesion. Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics 2011, 44, (3).

    • Esser-Kahn, A. P.; Odom, S. A.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Triggered Release from Polymer Capsules. Macromolecules 2011, 44, (14), 5539-5553.

    • Esser-Kahn, A. P.; Thakre, P. R.; Dong, H. F.; Patrick, J. F.; Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Three-Dimensional Microvascular Fiber-Reinforced Composites. Advanced Materials 2011, 23, (32), 3654-3658.

    • Beiermann, B. A.; Davis, D. A.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Environmental Effects on Mechanochemical Activation of Spiropyran in Linear PMMA. Journal of Material Chemistry 2011, DOI: 10.1039/C0JM03967E. 

    • Brandon, E. J.; Vozoff, M.; Kolawa, E. A.; Studor, G. F.; Lyons, F.; Keller, M. W.; Beiermann, B.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Curry, M. A.; Banks, D. L.; Brocato, R.; Zhou, L. S.; Jung, S. Y.; Jackson, T. N.; Champaigne, K., Structural health management technologies for inflatable/deployable structures: Integrating sensing and self-healing. Acta Astronautica 2011, 68, (7-8), 883-903. 

    • Jackson, A. C.; Bartelt, J. A.; Marczewski, K.; Sottos, N. R.; Braun, P. V., Silica-Protected Micron and Sub-Micron Capsules and Particles for Self-Healing at the Microscale. Macromolecular Rapid Communications 2011, 32, (1), 82-87.

    • Jin, H.; Miller, G. M.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Fracture and fatigue response of a self-healing epoxy adhesive. Polymer 2011, 52, (7), 1628-1634.

    • Kingsbury, C. M.; May, P. A.; Douglas, D. A.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Shear Activation of Mechanophore-Crosslinked Polymers. Journal of Material Chemistry 2011, DOI: 10.1039/C0JM04015K.

    • Kingsbury, C. M.; May, P. A.; Davis, D. A.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Shear Activation of Mechanophore-Crosslinked Polymers. Journal of Materials Chemistry 2011, 21, (23), 8381-8388.

    • Lenhardt, J. M.; Black, A. L.; Beiermann, B. A.; Steinberg, B. D.; Rahman, F.; Samborski, T.; Elsakr, J.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; Craig, S. L., Characterizing the Mechanochemically Active Domains in Gem-Dihalocyclopropanated Polybutadiene under Compression and Tension. Journal of Materials Chemistry 2011, 21, (23), 8454-8459.

    • Odom, S. A.; Jackson, A. C.; Prokup, A. M.; Chayanupatkul, S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Visual Indication of Mechanical Damage Using Core-Shell Microcapsules. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2011, 3, (12), 4547-4551.

    • White, S. R.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Olugebefola, S. C.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Self-Healing Polymers and Composites. American Scientist 2011, 99, (5), 392-399.

    • Wilson, G. O.; Caruso, M. M.; Schelkopf, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Adhesion Promotion Via Noncovalent Interactions in Self-Healing Polymers. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2011, 3, (8), 3072-3077.

  • 2010
    • Kitey, R.; Sottos, N. R.; Geubelle, P. H., A hybrid experimental/numerical approach to characterize interfacial adhesion in multilayer low-kappa thin film specimens. Thin Solid Films 2010, 519, (1), 337-344.

    • Mangun, C. L.; Mader, A. C.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Self-healing of a high temperature cured epoxy using poly(dimethylsiloxane) chemistry. Polymer 2010, 51, (18), 4063-4068.

    • Moll, J. L.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., A Self-sealing Fiber-reinforced Composite. Journal of Composite Materials 2010, 44, (22), 2573-2585.

    • Olugebefola, S. C.; Aragon, A. M.; Hansen, C. J.; Hamilton, A. R.; Kozola, B. D.; Wu, W.; Geubelle, P. H.; Lewis, J. A.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Polymer Microvascular Network Composites. Journal of Composite Materials 2010, 44, (22), 2587-2603.

    • Hamilton, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Self-Healing of Internal Damage in Synthetic Vascular Materials. Advanced Materials 2010, 22, (45), 5159-+.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Baginska, M.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Autonomic Recovery of Fiber/Matrix Interfacial Bond Strength in a Model Composite. Advanced Functional Materials 2010, 20, (20), 3547-3554. 

    • Wilson, G. O.; Andersson, H. M.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; Braun, P. V., Self-Healing Polymers. In Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, 2010; pp 1-33. 

    • Esser-Kahn, A. P.;Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Programmable Microcapsules from Self-Immolative Polymers. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132, (30), 10266-10268, DOI: 10.1021/ja104812p.

    • Hamilton, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Local Strain Concentrations in a Microvascular Network. Experimental Mechanics 2010, 50, (2), 255-263.

    • Kryger, M. J.; Ong, M. T.; Odom, S. A.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Martinez, T. J.; Moore, J. S., Masked Cyanoacrylates Unveiled by Mechanical Force. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132, (13), 4558-4559.

    • McIlroy, D. A.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Caruso, M. M.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Microencapsulation of a Reactive Liquid-Phase Amine for Self-Healing Epoxy Composites. Macromolecules 2010, 43, (4), 1855-1859.

    • Odom, S. A.; Caruso, M. M.; Finke, A. D.; Prokup, A. M.; Ritchey, J. A.; Leonard, J. H.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., Restoration of Conductivity with TTF-TCNQ Charge-Transfer Salts. Advanced Functional Materials 2010, 20, (11), 1721-1727.

    • Patel, A. J.; Sottos, N. R.; Wetzel, E. D.; White, S. R., Autonomic healing of low-velocity impact damage in fiber-reinforced composites. Composites Part a-Applied Science and Manufacturing 2010, 41, (3), 360-368.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Olugebefola, S. C.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Self-Healing Polymers and Composites. Annual Review of Materials Research 2010, 40, 179-211.

    • Caruso, M. M.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Jin, H. H.; Schelkopf, S. R.; Stradley, D. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Robust, Double-Walled Microcapsules for Self-Healing Polymeric Materials. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2010, 2, (4), 1195-1199.

    • Tran, P.; Kandula, S. S. V.; Geubelle, P. H.; Sottos, N. R., Dynamic Delamination of Patterned Thin Films: A Numerical Study. International Journal of Fracture 2010, 162, 77-90.

    • Wilson, G. O.; Henderson, J. W.; Caruso, M. M.; Blaiszik, B. J.; McIntire, P. J.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Evaluation of peroxide initiators for radical polymerization‐based self‐healing applications. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2010, 48, 2698-2708.

  • 2009
    • Wilson, G. O.; Porter, K. A.; Weissman, H.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., Stability of Second Generation Grubbs' Alkylidenes to Primary Amines: Formation of Novel Ruthenium-Amine Complexes. Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis 2009, 351, (11-12), 1817-1825.

    • Caruso, M. M.; Davis, D. A.; Shen, Q.; Odom, S. A.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Mechanically-Induced Chemical Changes in Polymeric Materials. Chemical Reviews 2009, 109, (11), 5755-5798.

    • Toohey, K. S.; Hansen, C. J.; Lewis, J. A.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Delivery of Two-Part Self-Healing Chemistry via Microvascular Networks. Advanced Functional Materials 2009, 19, (9), 1399-1405.

    • Toohey, K. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Characterization of Microvascular-Based Self-healing Coatings. Experimental Mechanics 2009, 49, (5), 707-717.

    • Hansen, C. J.; Wu, W.; Toohey, K. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Lewis, J. A., Self-Healing Materials with Interpenetrating Microvascular Networks. Advanced Materials 2009, 21, (41), 4143-4147.

    • Kirkby, E. L.; Michaud, V. J.; Manson, J. A. E.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Performance of self-healing epoxy with microencapsulated healing agent and shape memory alloy wires. Polymer 2009, 50, (23), 5533-5538.

    • Kitey, R.; Geubelle, P. H.; Sottos, N. R., Mixed-mode interfacial adhesive strength of a thin film on an anisotropic substrate. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 2009, 57, (1), 51-64.

    • Toohey, K. S.; Hansen, C. J.; Lewis, J. A.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Delivery of Two-Part Self-Healing Chemistry via Microvascular Networks. Advanced Functional Materials 2009, 19, (9), 1399-1405.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Caruso, M. M.; McIlroy, D. A.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Microcapsules filled with reactive solutions for self-healing materials. Polymer 2009, 50, (4), 990-997.

    • Beiermann, B.; Keller, M. W.; Sottos, N. R., Self-healing flexible laminates for resealing of puncture damage. Smart Materials and Structures 2009, 18, 085001.

    • Davis, D. A.; Hamilton, A.; Yang, J. L.; Cremar, L. D.; Van Gough, D.; Potisek, S. L.; Ong, M. T.; Braun, P. V.; Martinez, T. J.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Force-induced activation of covalent bonds in mechanoresponsive polymeric materials. Nature 2009, 459, (7243), 68-72.

    • Berfield, T. A.; Carroll, J. F.; Payne, D. A.; Sottos, N. R., Thermal strain measurement in sol-gel lead zirconate titanate thin films. Journal of Applied Physics 2009, 106, (12), 123501.

  • 2008
    • Kandula, S. S. V.; Hartfield, C. D.; Geubelle, P. H.; Sottos, N. R., Adhesion strength measurement of polymer dielectric interfaces using laser spallation technique. Thin Solid Films 2008, 516, (21), 7627-7635.

    • Kandula, S. S. V.; Tran, P.; Geubelle, P. H.; Sottos, N. R., Dynamic delamination of patterned thin films. Applied Physics Letters 2008, 93, (26).

    • Wilson, G. O.; Caruso, M. M.; Reimer, N. T.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., Evaluation of ruthenium catalysts for ring-opening metathesis polymerization-based self-healing applications. Chemistry of Materials 2008, 20, (10), 3288-3297.

    • Wilson, G. O.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Andersson, H. M., Autonomic healing of epoxy vinyl esters via ring opening metathesis polymerization. Advanced Functional Materials 2008, 18, (1), 44-52.

    • Keller, M. W.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Torsion fatigue response of self-healing poly(dimethylsiloxane) elastomers. Polymer 2008, 49, (13-14), 3136-3145.

    • Kirkby, E. L.; Rule, J. D.; Michaud, V. L.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Manson, J. A. E., Embedded shape-memory alloy wires for improved performance of self-healing polymers. Advanced Functional Materials 2008, 18, (15), 2253-2260.

    • Mookhoek, S. D.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Fischer, H. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; van der Zwaag, S., Peripherally decorated binary microcapsules containing two liquids. Journal of Materials Chemistry 2008, 18, (44), 5390-5394.

    • Toohey, K. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Characterization of Microvascular-Based Self-Healing Coatings. In Experimental Mechanics 2008.

    • Youngblood, J. P.; Sottos, N. R.; Extrand, C., Bioinspired materials or self-cleaning and self-healing. MRS Bulletin 2008, 33, (8), 732-741.

    • Jackson, A. C.; Blaiszik, B. J.; McIlroy, D. A.; Sottos, N. R.; Braun, P. V., New capsule chemistries for nanoscale self-healing. Polymer Preprints 2008, 49, (1), 967-968.

    • Kamphaus, J. M.; Rule, J. D.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., A new self-healing epoxy with tungsten (VI) chloride catalyst. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2008, 5, (18), 95-103.

    • McIlroy, D. A.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Braun, P. V.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Microencapsulation of polyfunctional amines for self-healing of epoxy-based composites. Polymer Preprints 2008, 49, (1), 963- 964.

    • Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., When chemistry meets mechanics. Polymer Preprints 2008, 49, (1), 985.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Nanocapsules for self-healing materials. Composites Science and Technology 2008, 68, (3-4), 978-986.

    • Caruso, M. M.; Blaiszik, B. J.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., Full recovery of fracture toughness using a non-toxic solvent-based self-healing system Advanced Functional Materials 2008, 18, (13), 1898-1904.

    • Caruso, M. M.; Delafuente, D. A.; Ho, V.; Sottos, N.; White, S.; Moore, J. S., Solvent-Based Self-Healing Epoxy Materials. Polymer Preprints, 2008, 49 (1), (974-975).

    • Yang, J. L.; Keller, M. W.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Microencapsulation of Isocyanates for Self-Healing Polymers. Macromolecules 2008, 41, (24), 9650-9655.

    • Tran, P.; Kandula, S. S. V.; Geubelle, P. H.; Sottos, N. R., Hybrid spectral/finite element analysis of dynamic delamination of patterned thin films. Engineering Fracture Mechanics 2008, 75, (14), 4217-4233.

  • 2007
    • Caruso, M. M.; Delafuente, D. A.; Ho, V.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Solvent-promoted self-healing epoxy materials. Macromolecules 2007, 40, (25), 8830-8832.

    • Rule, J. D.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Effect of microcapsule size on the performance of self-healing polymers. Polymer 2007, 48, 3520-3529.

    • Sottos, N.; White, S.; Bond, I., Introduction: self-healing polymers and composites. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2007, 4, (13), 347-348.

    • O'Brien, D. J.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Cure-dependent viscoelastic poisson's ratio of epoxy. Experimental Mechanics 2007, 47, (2), 237-249.

    • Mauldin, T. C.; Rule, J. D.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Self-healing kinetics and the stereoisomers of dicyclopentadiene. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2007, 4, (13), 389-393.

    • Berfield, T. A.; Ong, R. J.; Payne, D. A.; Sottos, N. R., Residual stress effects on piezoelectric response of sol-gel derived lead zirconate titanate thin films. Journal of Applied Physics 2007, 101, (2).

    • Berfield, T. A.; Patel, H. K.; Shimmin, R. G.; Braun, P. V.; Lambros, J.; Sottos, N. R., Fluorescent image correlation for nanoscale deformation measurements. Small 2006, 2, (5), 631-635.

    • Berfield, T. A.; Patel, J. K.; Shimmin, R. G.; Braun, P. V.; Lambros, J.; Sottos, N. R., Micro- and nanoscale deformation measurement of surface and internal planes via digital image correlation. Experimental Mechanics 2007, 47, (1), 51-62.

    • Potisek, S. L.; Davis, D. A.; Sottos, N.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Mechanophore-linked addition polymers. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2007, 129, (45), 13808-13809.

    • Toohey, K. S.; Sottos, N. R.; Lewis, J. A.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Self-healing materials with microvascular networks. Nature Materials 2007, 6, (8), 581-585.

    • Keller, M. W.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., A self-healing poly(dimethyl siloxane) elastomer. Advanced Functional Materials 2007, 17, (14), 2399-2404.

    • Hickenboth, C. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Baudry, J.; Wilson, S. R., Biasing reaction pathways with mechanical force. Nature 2007, 446, (7134), 423-427.

    • Jones, A. S.; Rule, J. D.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Life extension of self-healing polymers with rapidly growing fatigue cracks. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2007, 4, (13), 395-403.

  • 2006
    • Keller, M. W.; Sottos, N. R., Mechanical properties of microcapsules used in a self-healing polymer. Experimental Mechanics 2006, 46, (6), 725-733.

    • Brown, E. N.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Fatigue crack propagation in microcapsule-toughened epoxy. Journal of Materials Science 2006, 41, (19), 6266-6273.

  • 2004
    • Brown, E.N., White, S.R. and Sottos, N.R. (2004), "Microcapsule induced toughening in a self-Healing polymer composite," Journal of Materials Science, 39, pp. 1703-1710.

    • Wang, J., Sottos, N.R., and Weaver, R.L. (2004), "Tensile and mixed-mode strength of a thin film-substrate interface under laser induced pulsed loading," Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 52, pp. 999-1022.

    • Lian, L. and Sottos, N.R. (2004), "Stress effects in sol-gel derived ferroelectric thin films," Journal of Applied Physics, 95, pp. 629-634.

  • 2003
    • Kessler, M.R., Sottos, N.R., and White, S.R. (2003), "Self-healing structural composite material," Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 34, pp. 743-753.

    • Wang, J., Sottos, N.R., and Weaver, R.L. (2003), "Mixed-mode failure of thin films using laser generated shear waves," Experimental Mechanics, 43, pp. 323-330.

  • 2001
    • White, S.R., Sottos, N.R., Geubelle, P., Moore, J.S., Kessler, M.R., Sriram, S.R., Brown, E.N.and Viswanathan, S. (2001), Autonomic Healing of Polymer Composites, Nature, 409, pp. 794-797.

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