A study of rats given regular, high doses of amphetamine finds that those exposed to the drug at an age corresponding to human adolescence experience long-term changes in brain function that persist into adulthood. Researchers from Neuroscience Program, the Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, Department of Pharmacology and the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology contributed to this study.
A new study finds that DNA molecules directly interact with one another in a way that’s dependent on the sequence of the DNA and epigenetic factors. This could have implications for how DNA is organized in the cell and even how genes are regulated in different cell types, the researchers say.
Led by Aleksei Aksimentiev, from Beckman's Nanoelectronics and Nanomaterials Group and a professor of physics, and Taekjip Ha, a professor of biophysics and biophysical chemistry at Johns Hopkins University and an adjunct at the University of Illinois Center for the Physics of Living Cells along with Aksimentiev, the researchers published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Ryan Larsen, a research scientist, and Aki Nikolaidis, a graduate student in the Human Perception and Performance Group, found a link between brain metabolism and fluid intelligence. Using magnetic resonance spectroscopy in Beckman's Biomedical Imaging Center, the researchers measured concentrations of the molecule N-acetyl aspartate, a known marker of metabolic activity in the brain. Nikolaidis then looked at the relationship between NAA concentrations in different regions of the brain and fluid intelligence.
Maxwell Robb, a Beckman Institute Postdoctoral Fellow, is the recipient of the 2016 Henkel Award for Outstanding Graduate Research in Polymer Chemistry. The award will be made at a special symposium at the ACS National Meeting in Philadelphia August 21-25, 2016.
Les Gasser, professor of library and information science, has been named an affiliate faculty member in the Artificial Intelligence Group within the Human-Computer Intelligent Interaction theme.
What happens to food and its microstructure when it is fried is a complicated process, both scientifically and mathematically speaking. While consumers want a product that is crispy and tasty, food scientists seek to get a closer glimpse into what exactly is going on inside the food during frying in order to improve products. Pawan Takhar, a University of Illinois food scientist, and his lab recently conducted a study using X-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) in the Microscopy Suite at the Beckman Institute to gain 3D images of the microstructure of fried potato disks after they had been fried for various lengths of time.
A team of researchers led by Rashid Bashir, an affiliate in the 3D Micro- and Nanosystems Group, has developed a new highly sensitive biosensor that can quickly and accurately count sub-populations of white blood cells that are key to diagnose HIV/AIDS.
Robert Motl, a professor of kinesiology and community health at Illinois, utilizes the Biomedical Imaging Center (BIC) at Beckman to examine how exercise impacts neuroplasticity in people with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Yurii Vlasov, from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has been named an affiliate in the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group within the Integrative Imaging research theme.
Jefferson Chan, assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry, has been named an affiliate in Beckman's Nanoelectronics and Nanomaterials Group within the Molecular and Electronic Nanostructures research theme.
A new study from the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group, offers the first atomic-scale view of an interaction between the HIV capsid – the protein coat that shepherds HIV into the nucleus of human cells – and a host protein known as cyclophilin A. This interaction is key to HIV infection, researchers say.
The Spring 2016 Synergy features Philip Barnett, an undergraduate researcher who works on developing batteries for electrical vehicles. The GSK Center for Optical Molecular Imaging, based at the Beckman Institute, is a collaboration between the Biophotonics Imaging Laboratory and GSK, a research-based pharmaceutical and healthcare company. Beckman Postdoctoral Fellows are developing speech recognition software for low-resource languages and examining how exercise helps improve cognition. The Vis Lab provides 3D visualization to help with genetic analysis, and the Biomedical Imaging Center has rolled out a new cloud system to help researchers with increased processing speed and a stable work environment.
Beckman Institute Postdoctoral Fellow John Biggan examines cognitive aging in older adults and the cognitive effects on children whose mothers are physically active during pregnancy.
Preethi Jyothi, a Beckman Institute Postdoctoral Fellow, is working towards creating technology that can help with the development of automatic speech recognition software for any language spoken anywhere in the world.
Alejandro Lleras, part-time faculty member in Human Perception and Performance and assistant professor of psychology at Illinois, found that mobile device addiction is associated with depression and anxiety.
Charles Roseman, an associate professor in anthropology and an affiliate faculty member in Beckman’s Cognitive Science Group, uses computer software found in the Visualization Lab at Beckman to perform genetic analysis on mice bones, which enables him to decode variations that arise from natural selection.
Researchers at Beckman's Biomedical Imaging Center (BIC) have created the Biomedical Imaging Center Neuroimaging Computing Cloud (BICNICC), a shared platform enabling a user to launch a large number of virtual computers configured with the appropriate software specifically for that user.
Philip Barnett, an undergraduate in aerospace engineering, conducts research as a part of Beckman’s Autonomous Materials Systems Group.
A new industry-supported center located at the Beckman Institute plans to image molecules, live cells, and tissues in the body before, during, and after drug treatment in order to understand the efficacy of the drugs and the response of the body to treatments.
Illinois researchers, including Beckman affiliates Tim Bretl and Derek Hoiem, have developed predictive visual data analytics tools to automate and streamline today’s time-consuming practices for construction progress monitoring. The team earned the Turner Innovation Award in Turner’s Fourth Annual Award for Innovation program.
Two startups created by Stephen Boppart of Beckman's Bioimaging Science and Technology Group, won first and second place respectively at the iBIO Propel Center's business plan competition last fall in Chicago. Diagnostic Photonics pioneers an imaging technique that is designed to make finding breast cancer much more effective. Photonicare has developed a tool called Clearview to better diagnose ear infections in children.
The next Graduate Student Seminar will be held on Wednesday, March 9, at noon in Room 1005. Joanne Li, from the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group, Cassandra Jacobs, from Cognitive Science, and Angela Barragan from Theoretical and Computational Biophysics, are the presenters. Lunch is provided.