Neal Cohen

Description

Address

  • 1624 Beckman Institute
  • 405 North Mathews Avenue
  • Urbana, Illinois 61801

Biography

Neal J. Cohen received his Ph.D. in neuroscience from the University of California at San Diego. He was a postdoctoral researcher and then research scientist at MIT, and a faculty member at the Johns Hopkins University before joining the faculty of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1990. He is now a professor in the Department of Psychology, the Neuroscience Program, and the Beckman Institute. He directs the Center for Nutrition, Learning, and Memory (CNLM); and the Interdisciplinary Health Sciences Initiative (IHSI). Cohen’s research involves interdisciplinary studies of human learning and memory, and has been instrumental in the discovery and characterization of the brain's multiple memory systems. His work has emphasized the development of new approaches and multiple methodologies for assessing different aspects of memory in various populations, both in association with brain disorders and in response to specific interventions. In 2012, Cohen was named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which recognized his “pioneering research on memory and amnesia, distinguishing brain systems and psychological characteristics that distinguish declarative and procedural memory.”

Honors

AAAS Fellow, 2012

Research

Neal Cohen's work at the Beckman Institute combines neuropsychological studies of patients with memory impairments, eye movement monitoring, functional neuroimaging, and computational modeling, in a converging methods approach to understanding more fully the various ways in which experiences are encoded and represented by the brain, and the many manifestations of those representations on subsequent performance.

More specifically, the work is directed at identifying and characterizing the various memory systems of the brain. Special emphasis is on illuminating the functional architecture, the neural substrates, and the different subsystems of the hippocampal memory system, supporting declarative (or relational) memory, as characterized in Cohen and Eichenbaum's comprehensive model of memory, amnesia, and the hippocampal system (see Cohen & Eichenbaum, 1993; Eichenbaum & Cohen, 2001).

In carrying out this research program, Cohen's laboratory has developed novel ways of assessing different kinds of memory, without requiring verbal reports, including the use of eye movement monitoring techniques. The pattern of eye movements elicited when viewing faces, objects, and scenes provides information about the viewer's previous exposure to and memory for the items and their relationships - often before, and even in the absence of, conscious recollection.

Professor Cohen's sources of research funding include NIMH, NIA, and NSF.

Publications

  • 2016
    • Schwarb, H.; Johnson, C. L.; McGarry, M. D. J.; Cohen, N. J., Medial Temporal Lobe Viscoelasticity and Relational Memory Performance. Neuroimage 2016, 132, 534-541.
    • Watson, P. D.; Horecka, K. M.; Ratnam, R.; Cohen, N. J., A Phase-Locked Loop Epilepsy Network Emulator. Neurocomputing 2016, 173, 1245-1249.
    • Watson, P. D.; Paul, E. J.; Cooke, G. E.; Ward, N.; Monti, J. M.; Horecka, K. M.; Allen, C. M.; Hillman, C. H.; Cohen, N. J.; Kramer, A. F.; Barbey, A. K., Underlying Sources of Cognitive-Anatomical Variation in Multi-Modal Neuroimaging and Cognitive Testing. Neuroimage 2016, 129, 439-449.
  • 2015
    • Schwarb, H.; Watson, P. D.; Campbell, K.; Shander, C. L.; Monti, J. M.; Cooke, G. E.; Wang, J. X.; Kramer, A. F.; Cohen, N. J., Competition and Cooperation among Relational Memory Representations. Plos One 2015, 10, (11).
    • Walker, J. A.; Low, K. A.; Patel, N. N.; Cohen, N. J.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Hippocampal Volume and Connectivity Are Related to the Integrety of Memory Reactivatoin Processes in Normal Older Adults. Psychophysiology 2015, 52, S28-S28.
    • Warren, D. E.; Duff, M. C.; Cohen, N. J.; Tranel, D., Hippocampus Contributes to the Maintenance but Not the Quality of Visual Information over Time. Learning & Memory 2015, 22, (1), 6-10, DOI:10.1101/lm.037127.114.

    • Wang, J. X.; Cohen, N. J.; Voss, J. L., Covert Rapid Action-Memory Simulation (CRAMS): A Hypothesis of Hippocampal-Prefrontal Interactions for Adaptive Behavior. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 2015, 117, 22-33, DOI:10.1016/j.nlm.2014.04.003.

    • Hannula, D. E.; Tranel, D.; Allen, J. S.; Kirchhoff, B. A.; Nickel, A. E.; Cohen, N. J., Memory for Items and Relationships among Items Embedded in Realistic Scenes: Disproportionate Relational Memory Impairments in Amnesia. Neuropsychology 2015, 29, (1), 126-138,
      DOI:10.1037/Neu0000119.

    • Cohen, N. J., Navigating Life. Hippocampus 2015, 25, (6), 704-708, DOI:10.1002/Hipo.22443.

    • Khan, N.; Raine, L.; Winter, A.; Cohen, N.; Kramer, A.; Hillman, C., Differential Effects of Carbohydrates on Changes in Acute Childhood Cognitive Control. FASEB Journal 2015, 29.
    • Khan, N. A.; Raine, L. B.; Drollette, E. S.; Scudder, M. R.; Cohen, N. J.; Kramer, A. F.; Hillman, C. H., The Relationship between Total Water Intake and Cognitive Control among Prepubertal Children. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 2015, 66, 38-41.
    • Kurczek, J.; Wechsler, E.; Ahuja, S.; Jensen, U.; Cohen, N. J.; Tranel, D.; Duff, M., Differential Contributions of Hippocampus and Medial Prefrontal Cortex to Self-Projection and Self-Referential Processing. Neuropsychologia 2015, 73, 116-126.
    • Monti, J. M.; Moulton, C. J.; Cohen, N. J., The Role of Nutrition on Cognition and Brain Health in Ageing: A Targeted Approach. Nutrition Research Reviews 2015, 28, (2), 167-180.
    • Moulton, C.; Wee, E.; Kuchan, M.; Garleb, K.; Cohen, N., The Center for Nutrition, Learning, & Memory: Together Addressing a Grand Challenge. FASEB Journal 2015, 29.
    • Khan, N. A.; Baym, C. L.; Monti, J. M.; Raine, L. B.; Drollette, E. S.; Scudder, M. R.; Moore, R. D.; Kramer, A. F.; Hillman, C. H.; Cohen, N. J., Central Adiposity Is Negatively Associated with Hippocampal-Dependent Relational Memory among Overweight and Obese Children. Journal of Pediatrics 2015, 166, (2), 302-+, DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.10.008.

  • 2014
    • Rubin, R. D.; Watson, P. D.; Duff, M. C.; Cohen, N. J., The Role of the Hippocampus in Flexible Cognition and Social Behavior. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2014, 8, DOI:ARTN 742 DOI:10.3389/Fnhum.2014.00742.

    • Monti, J. M.; Baym, C. L.; Cohen, N. J., Identifying and Characterizing the Effects of Nutrition on Hippocampal Memory. Advances in Nutrition 2014, 5, (3), 337s-343s, DOI:10.3945/an.113.005397.

    • Monti, J. M.; Balota, D. A.; Warren, D. E.; Cohen, N. J., Very Mild Alzheimer’s Disease Is Characterized by Increased Sensitivity to Mnemonic Interference. Neuropsychologia 2014, 59, 47-56, DOI:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.04.007.

    • Eichenbaum, H.; Cohen, N. J., Can We Reconcile the Declarative Memory and Spatial Navigation Views on Hippocampal Function? Neuron 2014, 83, (4), 764-770, DOI:10.1016/j.neuron.2014.07.032.

    • Baym, C. L.; Khan, N. A.; Monti, J. M.; Raine, L. B.; Drollette, E. S.; Moore, R. D.; Scudder, M. R.; Kramer, A. F.; Hillman, C. H.; Cohen, N. J., Dietary Lipids Are Differentially Associated with Hippocampal-Dependent Relational Memory in Prepubescent Children. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2014, 99, (5), 1026-1033, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.113.079624.

    • Walker, J. A.; Low, K. A.; Cohen, N. J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., When Memory Leads the Brain to Take Scenes at Face Value: Face Areas Are Reactivated at Test by Scenes That Were Paired with Faces at Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2014, 8, 12, DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00018.

    • Yee, L. T. S.; Hannula, D. E.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Short-Term Retention of Relational Memory in Amnesia Revisited: Accurate Performance Depends on Hippocampal Integrity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2014, 8, 12, DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00016.

    • Yee, L. T. S.; Warren, D. E.; Voss, J. L.; Duff, M. C.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., The Hippocampus Uses Information Just Encountered to Guide Efficient Ongoing Behavior. Hippocampus 2014, 24, (2), 154-164, DOI: 10.1002/hipo.22211.

    • Monti, J. M.; Cooke, G. E.; Watson, P. D.; Voss, M. W.; Kramer, A. F.; Cohen1, N. J., Relating Hippocampus to Relational Memory Processing across Domains and Delays. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2015, 27, (2), 234-245, DOI:10.1162/Jocn_a_00717.

  • 2013
    • Beadle, J. N.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J.; Duff, M. C., Empathy in Hippocampal Amnesia. Froniters in Psychology 2013, 4, 69.

    • Chiu, Y.-C.; Dolcos, S.; Gonsalves, B. D.; Cohen, N. J., On Opposing Effects of Emotion on Contextual or Relational Memory. Frontiers in Psychology 2013, 4, 103.

    • Duff, M. C.; Gallegos, D. R.; Cohen, N. J.; Tranel, D., Learning in Alzheimer's Disease Is Facilitated by Social Interaction. Journal of Comparative Neurology 2013, 521, (18), 4356-4369, DOI: 10.1002/cne.23433.

    • Duff, M. C.; Kurczek, J.; Rubin, R.; Cohen, N. J.; Tranel, D., Hippocampal Amnesia Disrupts Creative Thinking. Hippocampus 2013, 23, (12), 1143-1149, DOI: 10.1002/hipo.22208.

    • Monti, J. M.; Voss, M. W.; Pence, A.; McAuley, E.; Kramer, A. F.; Cohen, N. J., History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Is Associated with Deficits in Relational Memory, Reduced Hippocampal Volume, and Less Neural Activity Later in Life. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2013, 5, 9, DOI: 10.3389/fnagi.2013.00041.

    • Rubin, R. D.; Chesney, S. A.; Cohen, N. J.; Gonsalves, B. D., Using FMR-Adaptation to Track Complex Object Representations in Perirhinal Cortex. Cognitive Neuroscience 2013, 4, (2), 107-114, DOI: 10.1080/17588928.2013.787056.

    • Watson, P. D.; Voss, J. L.; Warren, D. E.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Spatial Reconstruction by Patients with Hippocampal Damage Is Dominated by Relational Memory Errors. Hippocampus 2013, 23, (7), 570-580, DOI: 10.1002/hipo.22115.

  • 2012
    • Coronel, J. C.; Duff, M. C.; Warren, D. E.; Federmeier, K. D.; Gonsalves, B. D.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Remembering and Voting: Theory and Evidence from Amnesic Patients. American Journal of Political Science 2012, 56, (4), 837-848.

    • Monti, J. M.; Hillman, C. H.; Cohen, N. J., Aerobic Fitness Enhances Relational Memory in Preadolescent Children: The Fitkids Randomized Control Trial. Hippocampus 2012, 22, (9), 1876-1882.

    • Sheffield, J. M.; Williams, L. E.; Cohen, N.; Heckers, S., Relational Memory in Psychotic Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar Disorders 2012, 14, (5), 537-546.

    • Warren, D. E.; Duff, M. C.; Jensen, U.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Hiding in Plain View: Lesions of the Medial Temporal Lobe Impair Online Representation. Hippocampus 2012, 22, (7), 1577-1588.

    • Duff, M. C.; Warren, D. E.; Gupta, R.; Vidal, J. P. B.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Teasing Apart Tangrams: Testing Hippocampal Pattern Separation with a Collaborative Referencing Paradigm. Hippocampus 2012, 22, (5), 1087-1091

    • Hannula, D. E.; Baym, C. L.; Warren, D. E.; Cohen, N. J., The Eyes Know: Eye Movements as a Veridical Index of Memory. Psychological Science 2012, 23, (3), 278-287.

    • Ragland, J. D.; Cohen, N. J.; Cools, R.; Frank, M. J.; Hannula, D. E.; Ranganath, C., Cntrics Imaging Biomarkers Final Task Selection: Long-Term Memory and Reinforcement Learning. Schizophrenia Bulletin 2012, 38, (1), 62-72.

  • 2011
    • Rubin, R. D.; Brown-Schmidt, S.; Duff, M. C.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., How Do I Remember That I Know You Know That I Know? Psychological Science 2011, 22, (12), 1574-1582.

    • Voss, J. L.; Warren, D. E.; Gonsalves, B. D.; Federmeier, K. D.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Spontaneous Revisitation During Visual Exploration as a Link among Strategic Behavior, Learning, and the Hippocampus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2011, 108, (31), E402-E409.

    • Voss, M. W.; Chaddock, L.; Kim, J. S.; Vanpatter, M.; Pontifex, M. B.; Raine, L. B.; Cohen, N. J.; Hillman, C. H.; Kramer, A. F., Aerobic Fitness Is Associated with Greater Efficiency of the Network Underlying Cognitive Control in Preadolescent Children. Neuroscience 2011, 199, 166-176.

    • Warren, D. E.; Duff, M. C.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Observing Degradation of Visual Representations over Short Intervals When Medial Temporal Lobe Is Damaged. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2011, 23, (12), 3862-3873.

    • Westerberg, C. E.; Miller, B. B.; Reber, P. J.; Cohen, N. J.; Paller, K. A., Neural Correlates of Contextual Cueing Are Modulated by Explicit Learning. Neuropsychologia 2011, 49, (12), 3439-3447.

    • Chaddock, L.; Hillman, C. H.; Buck, S. M.; Cohen, N. J., Aerobic Fitness and Executive Control of Relational Memory in Preadolescent Children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2011, 43, (2), 344-349. 

    • Pontifex, M. B.; Raine, L. B.; Johnson, C. R.; Chaddock, L.; Voss, M. W.; Cohen, N. J.; Kramer, A. F.; Hillman, C. H., Cardiorespiratory Fitness and the Flexible Modulation of Cognitive Control in Preadolescent Children. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2011, 23, (6), 1332-1345.

    • Voss, J. L.; Gonsalves, B. D.; Federmeier, K. D.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Hippocampal brain-network coordination during volitional exploratory behavior enhances learning. Nature Neuroscience 2011, 14, (1), 115-U152.

    • Williams, L. E.; Must, A.; Avery, S.; Woolard, A.; Woodward, N. D.; Cohen, N.; Heckers, S., Eye-Movement Behavior Reveals Relational Memory Impairment in Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 2011, 37, 234-234.

    • Duff, M. C.; Hengst, J. A.; Gupta, R.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Distributed Impact of Cognitive-Communication Impairment: Disruptions in the Use of Definite References When Speaking to Individuals with Amnesia. Aphasiology 2011, 25, (6-7), 675-687.

  • 2010
    • Williams, L. E.; Must, A.; Avery, S.; Woolard, A.; Woodward, N. D.; Cohen, N. J.; Heckers, S., Eye-Movement Behavior Reveals Relational Memory Impairment in Schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 2010, 68, (7), 617-624.

    • Gonsalves, B. D.; Cohen, N. J., Brain Imaging, Cognitive Processes, and Brain Networks. Perspectives on Psychological Science 2010, 5, (6), 744-752. 

    • Hannula, D. E.; Althoff, R. R.; Warren, D. E.; Riggs, L.; Cohen, N. J.; Ryan, J. D., Worth a glance: using eye movements to investigate the cognitive neuroscience of memory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2010, 4. 

    • Warren, D. E.; Duff, M. C.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Medial temporal lobe damage impairs representation of simple stimuli. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2010, 4.

    • Chaddock, L.; Erickson, K. I.; Prakash, R. S.; Kim, J. S.; Voss, M. W.; VanPatter, M.; Pontifex, M. B.; Raine, L. B.; Konkel, A.; Hillman, C. H.; Cohen, N. J.; Kramer, A. F., A neuroimaging investigation of the association between aerobic fitness, hippocampal volume, and memory performance in preadolescent children. Brain Research 2010, 1358, 172-183. 

  • 2009
    • Duff, M. C.; Hengst, J.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Hippocampal amnesia disrupts verbal play and the creative use of language in social interaction. Aphasiology 2009, 23, (7), 926-939.

    • Gupta, R.; Duff, M. C.; Denburg, N. L.; Cohen, N. J.; Bechara, A.; Tranel, D., Declarative memory is critical for sustained advantageous complex decision-making. Neuropsychologia 2009, 47, (7), 1686-1693.

    • Taylor, S. E.; Vineyard, C. M.; Healy, M. J.; Caudell, T. P.; Cohen, N. J.; Watson, P.; Eichenbaum, E.; Verzi, S. J.; Morrow, J. D.; Bernard, M. L., Memory in Silico: Building a Neuromimetic Episodic Cognitive Model, Proceedings of the 2009 WRI World Congress on Computer Science and Information Engineering, Los Angeles, CA, 2009; pp 733-737.

    • Konkel, A.; Cohen, N. J., Relational memory and the hippocampus: Representations and methods. Frontiers in Neuroscience 2009, 3, 166-174.

    • Pontifex, M. B.; Raine, L. B.; Chaddock, L.; VanPatter, M.; Voss, M. W.; Kim, J. S.; Cohen, N. J.; Kramer, A. F.; Hillman, C. H., Fitness and the Modulation of Cognitive Control in Preadolescent Children. Psychophysiology 2009, 46, S37-S37.

  • 2008
    • Duff, M. C.; Hengst, J. A.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Collaborative discourse facilitates efficient communication and new learning in amnesia. Brain and Language 2008, 106, (1), 41-54.

    • Duff, M. C.; Hengst, J. A.; Tengshe, C.; Krema, A.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Hippocampal amnesia disrupts the flexible use of procedural discourse in social interaction. Aphasiology 2008, 22, (7-8), 866-880.

    • Duff, M. C.; Wszalek, T.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Successful life outcome and management of real-world memory demands despite profound anterograde amnesia. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 2008, 30, (8), 931-945.

    • Ferreira, V. S.; Bock, K.; Wilson, M. P.; Cohen, N. J., Memory for Syntax Despite Amnesia. Psychological Science 2008, 19, (9), 940-946.

  • 2007
    • Duff, M. C.; Hengst, J. A.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Taling across time: Using reported speech as a communicative resource in amnesia. Aphasiology 2007, 21, (6-8), 702-716.

    • Hannula, D. E.; Ryan, J. D.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J., Rapid onset relational memory effects are evident in eye movement behavior, but not in hippocampal amnesia. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2007, 19, (10), 1690-1705.

    • Ryan, J. D.; Hannula, D. E.; Cohen, N. J., The obligatory effects of memory on eye movements. Memory 2007, 15, (5), 508-525.

  • 2006
    • Hannula, D. E.; Federmeier, K. D.; Cohen, N. J. Event-related potential signatures of relational memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2006, 18, (11), 1863-1876.

    • Hannula, D. E.; Tranel, D.; Cohen, N. J. The long and the short of it: Relational memory impairments in amnesia, even at short lags Journal of Neuroscience 2006, 26, (32), 8352-8359.

  • 2004
    • Ryan, J.D.; Cohen, N.J. Processing and short-term retention of relational information in amnesia. Neuropsychologia 2004, 42, 497-511.

    • Colcombe, S.J.; Kramer, A.F.; Erickson, K.I.; Scalf, P.; McAuley, E.; Cohen, N.J.; Webb, A.; Jerome, G.J.; Marquez, D.X.; and Elavsky, S. Cardiovascular fitness, cortical plasticity, and aging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2004, 101, 3316-3321.

  • 2003
    • Ryan, J.D. and Cohen, N.J. (2003), "Evaluating the neuropsychological dissociation evidence for multiple memory systems," Journal of Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 3/3, pp. 168-185.

    • Milham, M., Banich, M., Claus, E., and Cohen, N.J. (2003), "Practice-related effects demonstrate complementary roles of anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortices in attentional control," Neuroimage, 18/2, pp. 483-493.

    • Cohen, N.J. and Banich, M.T. (2003), "Memory," in M.T. Banich, Neuropsychology: The neural bases of mental function, 2nd edition, Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.

    • Cohen, N.J. (2003), "Declarative memory," in J.H. Byrne, ed., Learning and Memory, Second Edition, MI: Macmillan Reference.

Press

The Communications Office maintains the information included in Beckman Institute's online directory listings. In order to update your directory listing, please submit the following information to directoryupdates@beckman.illinois.edu:

  • a short bio including information on your educational background and your field
  • any honors and awards you may have received
  • a description of your research (approximately 200-400 words)
  • a list of recent representative publications
  • a photo of yourself (you can submit one or we can take one for you)