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Laura Chaddock-Heyman

Academic Hourly

Primary Affiliation

Intelligence, Learning, and Plasticity

Affiliations

Status

Home Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Phone

Email lchaddo2@illinois.edu

Address 2027 Beckman Institute, 405 North Mathews Avenue

  • Biography

    Laura is a research scientist at the Beckman Institute of the University of Illinois. A fitness enthusiast, she studies how aerobic fitness and physical activity relate to the brain and cognition across the lifespan. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and behavioral techniques, she has shown that aerobic fitness relates to cognition (e.g., attention, memory, multitasking), the structure of the brain (volume, cortical thickness), brain function (fMRI, arterial spin labeling), and white matter microstructural integrity (diffusion tensor imaging) in children. She is currently exploring the effects of a 9-month physical activity program on the cognitive and brain health of preadolescent children, as well as the relationship among aerobic fitness, physical activity, and brain health across the lifespan.

  • 2014

    • Chaddock-Heyman, L., Erickson, K. I., Holtrop, J. L., Voss, M. W., Pontifex, M. B., Raine, L. B., Hillman, C. H., & Kramer, A. F. (2014). Aerobic fitness is associated with greater white matter integrity in children. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 1-7.
    • Chaddock-Heyman, L., Kramer, A. F., & Hillman, C. H. (2014). The importance of aerobic fitness for cognitive control and memory in children. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development: The Relation of Childhood Physical Activity to Brain Health, Cognition, and Scholastic Achievement, 38-72.

    2013

    • Chaddock-Heyman, L., Erickson, K. I., Voss, M. W., Knecht, A. M., Pontifex, M. B., Castelli, D. M., Hillman, C. H., & Kramer, A. F. (2013). The effects of physical activity on functional MRI activation associated with cognitive control in children: A randomized controlled intervention. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 2-13.
    • Chaddock-Heyman, L., Erickson, K. I., Voss, M. W., Powers, J. P., Knecht, A. M., Pontifex, M. B., Drollette, E. S., Moore, R. D., Raine, L. B., Scudder, M. R., Hillman, C. H., & Kramer, A. F. (2013). White matter microstructure is associated with cognitive control in children. Biological Psychology, 94, 109–115.
    • Raine, L. B., Lee, H. K., Saliba, B. J., Chaddock-Heyman, L., Hillman, C. H., & Kramer, A. F. (2013). The influence of childhood aerobic fitness on learning and memory. PLOS ONE, 8, e72666.
    • Voss, M. W., Erickson, K. I., Prakash, R. S., Chaddock, L., Kim, J. S., Alves, H., Szabo, A., White, S. M., Wójcicki, T. R., Mailey, E. L., Olson, E. A., Gothe, N., Potter, V. V., Martin, S. A., Pence, B. D., Cook, M. D., Woods, J. A., McAuley, E., & Kramer, A. F. (2013). Neurobiological markers of exercise-related brain plasticity in older adults. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 28, 90-99.

    2012

    • Chaddock, L., Erickson, K. I., Prakash, R. S., Voss, M. W., VanPatter, M., Pontifex, M. B., Hillman, C. H., & Kramer, A. F. (2012). A functional MRI investigation of the association between childhood aerobic fitness and neurocognitive control. Biological Psychology, 89, 260-268.
    • Chaddock, L., Hillman, C. H., Pontifex, M. B., Raine, L. B., Johnson, C. R., & Kramer, A. F. (2012). Childhood aerobic fitness predicts cognitive performance one year later. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30, 421-430.
    • Chaddock, L., Neider, M. B., Lutz, A., Hillman, C. H., & Kramer, A. F. (2012). The role of childhood aerobic fitness in successful street crossing. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44, 749-753.
    • Chaddock, L., Voss, M. V., & Kramer, A. F. (2012). Physical activity and fitness effects on cognition and brain health in children and older adults. Kinesiology Review, 1, 37-45.
    • Erickson, K. I., Weinstein, A. M., Sutton, B. P., Prakash, R. S., Voss, M. W., Chaddock, L., Szabo, A. N., Mailey, E. L., White, S. M., Wojcicki, T. R., McAuley, E., & Kramer A. F. (2012). Beyond vascularization: Aerobic fitness is associated with n-acetylaspartate and working memory.  Brain and Behavior, 2, 32-41.
    • Weinstein, A. M., Voss M. V., Prakash, R. S., Chaddock, L., Szabo, A., White, S. M., Wojcicki, R. T., Mailey, E., McAuley, E., Kramer, A. F., & Erickson, K. I. (2012). The association between aerobic fitness and executive function is mediated by prefrontal cortex volume. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 26, 811-819.

    2011

    • Chaddock, L., Hillman, C. H., Buck, S. M., & Cohen, N. J. (2011). Aerobic fitness and executive control of relational memory in preadolescent children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43, 344-349.
    • Chaddock, L., Neider, M. B., Voss, M. W., Gaspar, J., & Kramer, A. F. (2011). Do athletes excel at everyday tasks? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43, 1920-1926.
    • Chaddock, L., Pontifex, M., Hillman, C. H. & Kramer, A. F. (2011). A review of the relation of aerobic fitness and physical activity to brain structure and function in children. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 17, 1-11.
    • Erickson, K. I., Voss, M. W., Prakash, R. S., Basak, C., Szabo, A. N., Chaddock, L., White, S. M., Wojcicki, T. R., Mailey, E. L., McAuley, E. M., & Kramer, A. F. (2011). Reply to Coen et al.: Exercise, hippocampal volume, and memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, E90.
    • Pontifex, M. B., Raine, L. B., Johnson, C. R., Chaddock, L., Voss, M. W., Cohen, N. J., Kramer, A. F., & Hillman, C. H. (2011). Cardiorespiratory fitness and the flexible modulation of cognitive control in preadolescent children. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 1332-1345.
    • Voss, M. W., Chaddock, L., Kim, J. S., VanPatter, M., Pontifex, M. B., Raine, L. B., Cohen, N. J., Hillman, C. H., & Kramer, A. F. (2011). Aerobic fitness is associated with greater efficiency of the network underlying cognitive control in preadolescent children. Neuroscience, 199, 166-176.
    • Wu, C. T., Pontifex, M. B., Raine, L. B., Chaddock, L., Voss, M. W., Kramer, A. F., & Hillman, C. H. (2011). Aerobic fitness and response variability in preadolescent children performing a cognitive control task. Neuropsychology, 3, 333-341.
    • Erickson, K. I., Voss, M. W., Prakash, R. S., Basak, C., Szabo, A., Chaddock, L., Kim, J. S., Heo, S., Alves, H., White, S. M., Wojcicki, T. R., Mailey, E., Vieira, V. J., Martin, S. A., Pence, B. D., Woods, J. A., McAuley, E., & Kramer, A. F. (2011). Exercise training increases size of the hippocampus and improves memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 3017-3022.
    • Prakash, R. S., Voss, M. W., Erickson, K. I., Lewis, J., Chaddock, L., Malkowski, E., Alves, H., Kim, J. S., Szabo, A., White, S., Wojcicki, T., Kramer, A. F., Mailey, E. L., & McAuley, E. (2011). Cardiorespiratory fitness and attentional control in the aging brain. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 4, 1-12.

    2010

    • Chaddock, L., Erickson K. I., Prakash, R. S., Kim, J. S., Voss, M. W., VanPatter, M., Pontifex, M. B., Raine, L. B., Konkel, A., Hillman, C. H., Cohen, N. J., & Kramer, A. F. (2010). A neuroimaging investigation of the association between aerobic fitness, hippocampal volume and memory performance in preadolescent children. Brain Research, 1358, 172-183.
    • Chaddock, L., Erickson, K. I., Prakash, R. S., VanPatter, M., Voss, M. V., Pontifex, M. B., Raine, L. B., Hillman, C. H., & Kramer, A. F. (2010). Basal ganglia volume is associated with aerobic fitness in preadolescent children. Developmental Neuroscience, 32, 249-256.
    • Erickson, K. I., Prakash, R. S., Voss, M. W., Chaddock, L., Heo, S., McLaren, M., Pence, B. D., Martin, S. A., Vieira, V. J., Woods, J. A., & Kramer, A. F. (2010). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor is associated with age-related decline in hippocampal volume. The Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 5368-5375.
    • Erickson, K. I., Voss, M. W., Prakash, R. S., Chaddock, L. & Kramer, A. F. (2010). A cross-sectional study of hormone treatment and hippocampal volume in postmenopausal women: Evidence for a limited window of opportunity. Neuropsychology, 24, 68-76.
    • Voss, M. W., Erickson, K. I., Prakash, R. S., Chaddock, L., Malkowski, E., Alves, H., Kim, J. S., Morris, K. S., White, S. M., Wojcicki, T. R., Hu, L., Szabo, A., Klamm, E., McAuley, E., & Kramer, A.F. (2010). Functional connectivity: a source of variance in the association between cardiorespiratory ftness and cognition?  Neuropsychologia, 48, 1394-1406.
    • Voss, M. W., Prakash, R. S., Erickson, K. I., Basak, C., Chaddock, L., Kim, J. S., Alves, H., Szabo, A., White, S. M., Wojcicki, T. R., Mailey, E. L., Gothe, N., Olson, E. A., McAuley, E., & Kramer, A. F. (2010). Plasticity of brain networks in a randomized intervention trial of exercise training in older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 2, 1-17.

    2009

    • Erickson, K. I., Prakash, R. S., Voss, M. W., Chaddock, L., Hu, L., Morris, K. S., White, S. M., Wojcicki, T. R., McAuley, E., & Kramer, A. F. (2009). Aerobic fitness is associated with hippocampal volume in elderly humans. Hippocampus, 19, 1030-1039.

    2008

    • Compton, R. J., Carp, J., Chaddock, L., Fineman, S. L., Quandt, L. C., & Ratliff, J. B.  (2008). Trouble crossing the bridge: Altered interhemispheric communication of emotional images in anxiety. Emotion, 8, 684-692.
    • Voss, M. W., Erickson, K. I., Chaddock, L., Prakash, R. S., Colcombe, S. J., Morris, K. S., Doerksen, S., Hu, L., McAuley, E., & Kramer, A. F. (2008). Dedifferentiation in the visual cortex: An fMRI investigation of individual differences in older adults. Brain Research, 1244, 121-131.

    2007

    • Compton, R.J., Carp, J., Chaddock, L., Fineman, S.L., Quandt, L.Q., & Ratliff, J.B. (2007).  Anxiety and error-monitoring: Increased error sensitivity or altered expectations? Brain and Cognition, 64, 247-256.