Daniel G. Morrow's directory photo.

Daniel G. Morrow

Professor Emeritus

Primary Affiliation

Cognition, Lifespan Engagement, Aging, and Resilience


Status Part-time Faculty

Home Department of Educational Psychology

Phone 300-0915


Address 2015 Beckman Institute, 405 North Mathews Avenue

  • Biography

    Dan Morrow is a professor at the Department of Educational Psychology, and a part-time faculty member in the Beckman Institute Human Perception and Performance Group. His fields of professional interest are cognitive aging and human factors related to communication in complex tasks.


    • Ph.D., cognitive psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 1982
  • Honors
    • 2017-2022: Editor: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied

    • 2014-2016: Associate Editor: Journal of Human Factors

    • 2013: Fellow, American Psychological Association (Division 21)

    • 2008: Honorary Fellow, Human Factors & Ergonomics Society

  • Research

    Conversational agents and older adult learning for illness self-care:

    Conversational agents (CAs) have the potential to augment health provider education by emulating face-to-face communication strategies while also being accessible to patients when needed. To explore this potential, Dr. Morrow collaborated with engineering faculty at Beckman and clinician-researchers at UIC College of Medicine/OSF and at UI College Medicine/Carle Health. We first showed that older adults better remember health information presented by ‘talking head’ CAs than by more traditional text/numeric formats in a simulated patient portal environment. We are now investigating benefits of interactive CAs for supporting older adult learning about self-care.

    Expertise and aging in pilot performance:
    Dr. Morrow is investigating conditions under which pilot expertise helps offset age-related declines in cognitive abilities, so that older pilots maintain high levels of performance on piloting tasks related to communication, comprehension, and decision-making. We find that expertise is most likely to mitigate age declines when the task provides domain-relevant environmental support for pilots, such as taking notes while listening to complex Air Traffic Control messages.

    Health communication:
    The goal of this project is to improve the design of health materials in order to increase older adults' comprehension of self-care tasks. In a clinical trial, Dr. Morrow is collaborating with pharmacists and physicians to investigate whether well-designed written instructions (as part of a pharmacist-based educational intervention) improve medication adherence and health outcomes among patients with heart disease.

    Both projects are funded by NIH.

  • 2022

    • Azevedo, R.F.L., Roy, B., Christianson, K. Zhong, Y., & Morrow, D.G. Affective distancing associated with second language use influences response to health information. Languages 2022, 7, (2), 120.
    • Morrow, D. & Chin, J. A process-knowledge approach to supporting self-care among older adults. In K.D. Federmeirer & B. Payne (Eds.), Psychology of Learning and Motivation 2022, 77, 165-192.


    • Dunn Lopez, K., Chin, C., Azevedo, R.L., Sousa, V., Kaushik, V., Roy, B., Schuh, W., Banks, K., & Morrow, D.G. EHR usability and workload changes over time for providers and nurses following new EHR adoption. Applied Ergonomics 2021,
    • Morrow, D.G., Lane, H.C., & Rogers, W. A framework for design of conversational agents to support health self-care for older adults. Journal of Human Factors 2021, 63, (3), 369-378.


    • Morrow, D.G. Azevedo, R.F.L., Garcia-Retamero, R. Hasegawa-Johnson, M., Huang, T., Schuh, W., Gu, K., & Zhang, Y. Contextualizing numeric clinical test results for gist comprehension: Implications for EHR patient portals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 2019, 25, 41-61.


    • Chin, J., Moeller, D. D., Johnson, J., Duwe, E. A., Graumlich, J. F., Murray, M. D., & Morrow, D. G. A multi-faceted approach to promote comprehension of online health information among older adults. The Gerontologist 2018, 58, 686-695.
    • Duwe, E. A., Holloway, B. M., Chin, J., & Morrow, D. G. Illness experience and illness representation among older adults with hypertension. Health Education Journal 2018, 77, 412-429.


    • Morrow, D.G. Hasegawa-Johnson, M., Huang, T., Schuh, W., Azevedo, R.F.L., Gu, K., Zhang, Y., Roy B., & Garcia-Retamero, R. A multidisciplinary approach to designing and evaluating electronic medical record portal messages that support patient self-care. Journal of Biomedical Informatics 2017 69, 63–74.


    • Insel, K. C.; Einstein, G. O.; Morrow, D. G.; Koerner, K. M.; Hepworth, J. T., Multifaceted Prospective Memory Intervention to Improve Medication Adherence. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2016, 64, (3), 561-568.
    • Morrow, D., Technology-Based Support for Older Adult Communication in Safety-Critical Domains, In Psychology of Learning and Motivation. Ross, B. H., Ed.; Academic Press, New York, 2016; Vol. 64, 285-317.
    • Stine-Morrow, E. A. L.; Payne, B. R., Age Differences in Language Segmentation. Experimental Aging Research 2016, 42, (1), 107-125.


    • Chin, J.: Payne, B.: Fu2, W-T.: Morrow, D. G.: Stine-Morrow, E. A. L., Information foraging across the life span: Search and switch in unknown patches. Topics in Cognitive Science, 2015, in press.
    • Chin, J.; Payne, B.; Gao, X. F.; Conner-Garcia, T.; Graumlich, J. F.; Murray, M. D.; Morrow, D. G.; Stine-Morrow, E. A. L., Memory and Comprehension for Health Information among Older Adults: Distinguishing the Effects of Domain-General and Domain-Specific Knowledge. Memory 2015, 23, (4), 577-589.
    • Durso, F. T.; Stearman, E. J.; Morrow, D. G.; Mosier, K. L.; Fischer, U.; Pop, V. L.; Feigh, K. M., Exploring Relationships of Human-Automation Interaction Consequences on Pilots: Uncovering Subsystems. Human Factors 2015, 57, (3), 397-406, DOI:10.1177/0018720814552296.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Chin, J., Health Literacy and Health Decision Making among Older Adults, In Aging and Decision-Making: Empirical and Applied Perspectives. Hess, T., Strough, J., Lockenhoff, C., Eds.; Elsevier, London, England, 2015, 261-282.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Czaja, S. J., The Implications of Aging for Human-System Integration, In Handbook of Human-System Integration. Boehm-Davis, D., Durso, F., Lee, J. D., Eds.; American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, 2015, 535-552.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Lopez, K. D., Theoretical Foundations for Health Communication Research and Practice, In Cognitive Informatics for Biomedicine: Human Computer Interaction in Healthcare Patel, V. L., Kannampallil, T. G., Kaufman, D., Eds.; Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 2015, 35-58.


    • Chin, J.; Payne, B. R.; Gao, X.; Stine-Morrow, E. A. L.; Morrow, D. G.; Conner-Garcia, T.; Graumlich, J. F.; Murray, M. D., Knowledge Influences Comprehension and Memory for Health Information among Older Adults: Distinguishing the Effects of Domain-General and Domain-Specific Knowledge. Memory 2014, DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2014.912331.
    • Chin, J.; Payne, B. R.; Fu2, W-T.; Morrow2, D.; Stine-Morrow2, E. A. L., Information foraging across the life span: Search and switch in unknown patches. Cognitive Aging Conference 2014, Atlanta, GA.
    • Duwe, E. A. G.; Koerner, K. M.; Madison, A. M.; Falk, N. A.; Insel, K. C.; Morrow, D. G., Defining Older Adults’ Perceived Causes of Hypertension in the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire. Health Education Journal 2014, 73, (6), 731-745, DOI:10.1177/0017896913516096.
    • Payne, B. R.; Grison, S.; Gao, X. F.; Christianson, K.; Morrow, D. G.; Stine-Morrow, E. A. L., Aging and Individual Differences in Binding During Sentence Understanding: Evidence from Temporary and Global Syntactic Attachment Ambiguities. Cognition 2014, 130, (2), 157-173, DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2013.10.005.


    • Insel, K. C.; Einstein, G. O.; Morrow, D. G.; Hepworth, J. T., A Multifaceted Prospective Memory Intervention to Improve Medication Adherence: Design of a Randomized Control Trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2013, 34, (1), 45-52.
    • Kannampallil, T.; Waicekauskas, K.; Morrow, D.; Kopren, K.; Fu, W. T., External Tools for Collaborative Medication Scheduling. Cognition Technology & Work 2013, 15, (2), 121-131, DOI: 10.1007/s10111-011-0190-7.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Conner-Garcia, T., Improving Comprehension of Medication Information: Implications for Nurse-Patient Communication. Journal of Gerontological Nursing 2013, 39, 22-29.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Fischer, U. M., Communication in Socio-Technical Systems, In Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Engineering Lee, J. D., Kirlik, A., Eds.; Oxford University Press, New York, 2013, 178-199.
    • Sullivan, K. B.; Feigh, K. M.; Mappus, R.; Durso, F. T.; Fischer, U.; Pop, V.; Mosier, K. L.; Morrow, D. G., Using Neural Networks to Assess Flight Deck Human-Automation Interaction. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 2013, 114, 26-35, DOI: 10.1016/j.ress.2012.12.005.


    • Morrow, D. G.; Chin, J., Technological Bridges between Health Care Systems and Older Adults, In Engaging Older Adults with Modern Technology: Internet Use and Information Access Needs; Hill, R., Zheng, R., Gardner, M., Eds.; IGI Publishing, Hershey, PA, 2012, 59-79.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Conner-Garcia, T.; Graumlich, J. F.; Wolf, M. S.; McKeever, S.; Madison, A.; Davis, K.; Wilson, E. A. H.; Liao, V.; Chin, C. L.; Kaiser, D., An EMR-Based Tool to Support Collaborative Planning for Medication Use among Adults with Diabetes: Design of a Multi-Site Randomized Control Trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2012, 33, (5), 1023-1032.
    • Morrow, D.; D'Andrea, L.; Stine-Morrow, E. A. L.; Shake, M.; Bertel, S.; Chin, J.; Kopren, K.; Gao, X. F.; Conner-Garcia, T.; Graumlich, J.; Murray, M., Comprehension of Multimedia Health Information among Older Adults with Chronic Illness. Visual Communication 2012, 11, (3), 347-362.
    • Nokes-Malach, T. J.; Meade, M. L.; Morrow, D. G., The Effect of Expertise on Collaborative Problem Solving. Thinking & Reasoning 2012, 18, (1), 32-58.
    • Noureldin, M.; Plake, K. S.; Morrow, D. G.; Tu, W. Z.; Wu, J. W.; Murray, M. D., Effect of Health Literacy on Drug Adherence in Patients with Heart Failure. Pharmacotherapy 2012, 32, (9), 819-826.


    •  Morrow, D., Expertise and Age Differences in Pilot Decision Making. Gerontologist 2011, 51, 552-552.
    • Chin, J.; Morrow, D. G.; Stine-Morrow, E. A. L.; Conner-Garcia, T.; Graumlich, J. F.; Murray, M. D., The Process-Knowledge Model of Health Literacy: Evidence from a Componential Analysis of Two Commonly Used Measures. Journal of Health Communication 2011, 16, 222-241.
    • Kannampallil, T. G.; Waicekauskas, K.; Morrow, D. G.; Kopren, K. M.; Fu, W.-T., External Tools for Collaborative Medication Scheduling, In Cognition, Technology & Work; Springer-Verlag, London, 2011.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Durso, F. T., Health Care Research That Delivers: Introduction to the Special Issue on Cognitive Factors in Health Care. Journal of Experimental Psychology-Applied 2011, 17, (3), 191-194.


    • Morrow, D. G.; Fischer, U. M., Communication in socio-technical systems. In Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Engineering Lee, J. D.; Kirlik, A., Eds. Oxford University Press: New York, NY, 2010.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Wilson, E. H., Medication adherence among older adults: a systems perspective. In Aging in America Volume II:  Physical and Mental Health, Cavanaugh, J. C.; Cavanaugh, C. K., Eds. Praeger: Santa Barbara, CA,2010; pp 211-239.
    • D'Andrea, L.; Kopren, K.; Chin, J.; Shake, M.; Morrow, D. G.; Stine-Morrow, E. A. L.; Bertel, S.; Conner-Garcia, T.; Graumlich, J.; Murray, M. D. Impact of Health Knowledge on Older Adults' Comprehension of Multimedia Health Information, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting, Human Factors & Ergonomics Society: Santa Monica, 2010; pp 180-184.
    • Waicekauskas, K.; Kannampallil, T.; Morrow, D. G.; Kopren, K.; Fu, W. Collaborative Tools for a Stimulated Patient-Provider Medication Scheduling Task, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting, Human Factors & Ergonomics Society: Santa Monica, CA, 2010; pp 1936-1940.


    • Katz, A. J.; Morrow, D.; Tu, W. Z.; Wu, J. W.; Murray, M. D., Effect of Health Literacy on Adherence in Heart Failure Patients. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 2009, 18, S141-S142.
    • Meade, M. L.; Nokes, T. J.; Morrow, D. G., Expertise promotes facilitation on a collaborative memory task. Memory 2009, 17, (1), 39-48.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Miller, L. M. S.; Ridolfo, H. E.; Magnor, C.; Fischer, U. M.; Kokayeff, N. K.; Stine-Morrow, E. A. L., Expertise and age differences in pilot decision making. Aging, Cognition, & Neuropsychology 2009, 16, 33-35.
    • Murray, M. D.; Tu, W.; Wu, J.; Morrow, D. G.; Smith, F.; Brater, C., Factors associated with exacerbation of heart failure include treatment adherence and health literacy skills. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2009, 85, (6), 651-658.
    • Parisi, J. M.; Stine-Morrow, E. A. L.; Noh, S. R.; Morrow, D. G., Predispositional engagement, activity engagement and cognition in older adults. Aging, Cognition, & Neuropsychology 2009, 16, 485-504.


    • Levinthal, B. R.; Morrow, D. G.; Tu, W.; Wu, J.; Young, J.; Weiner, M.; Murray, M. D., Cognition and health literacy in patients with hypertension. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2008, 23, 1172-1176.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Rogers, W. A., Environmental support: An integrative framework. Human Factors 2008, 50, (4), 589-613.
    • Morrow, D.; Raquel, L.; Schriver, A.; Redenbo, S.; Rozovski, D.; Weiss, G., External support for collaborative problem solving in a simulated provider/patient medication scheduling task. Journal of Experimental Psychology-Applied 2008, 14, (3), 288-297.
    • Morrow, D.; Wickens, C.; Rantanen, E.; Chang, D.; Marcus, J., Designing external aids that support older pilots' communication. International Journal of Aviation Psychology 2008, 18, (2), 167-182.
    • Parisi, J.; Stine-Morrow, E.; Janke, M.; Morrow, D.; Payne, L., Determinants and Effects of Engagement in Adulthood. Gerontologist 2008, 48, 224-224.
    • Schriver, A. T.; Morrow, D. G.; Wickens, C. D.; Talleur, D. A., Expertise Differences in Attentional Strategies Related to Pilot Decision Making. Human Factors 2008, 50, (6), 864-878.
    • Stine-Morrow, E. A. L.; Parisi, J. M.; Morrow, D. G.; Park, D. C., The Effects of an Engaged Lifestyle on Cognitive Vitality: A Field Experiment. Psychology and Aging 2008, 23, (4), 778-786.


    • Morrow, D. G.; Schriver, A. T., External support for pilot communication: Implications for age-related design. Cognitive Technology 2007, 12, 21-30.
    • Morrow, D. G.; Weiner, M.; Steinley, D.; Young, J.; Murray, M. D., Patients' health literacy and experience with instructions - Influence preferences for heart failure medication instructions. Journal of Aging and Health 2007, 19, (4), 575-593.
    • Murray, M. D.; Young, J.; Hoke, S.; Tu, W.; Weiner, M.; Morrow, D. G.; Stroupe, K.; Wu, J.; Clark, D.; Smith, F. A.; Gradus-Pizlo, I.; Weinberger, M.; Brater, C., Pharmacist intervention to improve medication adherence in heart failure: A randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine 2007, 146, 714-725
    • Noh, S. R.; Shake, M. C.; Parisi, J. M.; Joncich, A. D.; Morrow, D. G.; Stine-Morrow, E. A. L., Age differences in learning from text: The effects of content preexposure on reading. International Journal of Behavioral Development 2007, 31, (2), 133-148.
    • Sirven, J. I.; Morrow, D. G., Fly the graying skies - A question of competency vs age. Neurology 2007, 68, (9), 630-631.
    • Stine-Morrow, E. A. L.; Parisi, J. M.; Morrow, D. G.; Greene, J.; Park, D.C., An engagement model of cognitive optimization through adulthood. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 2007, 62B, 62-69.


    • Morrow, D.; Clark, D.; Tu, W. Z.; Wu, J. W.; Weiner, M.; Steinley, D.; Murray, M. D., Correlates of health literacy in patients with chronic heart failure. Gerontologist 2006, 46, (5), 669-676.


    • Morrow, D.G., Weiner, M., Deer, M., McGuire, P., Young, J., Dunn, S., and Murray, M. (2004), "Patient-centered Instructions for Medications Prescribed for the Treatment of Heart Failure," The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, 2, pp. 44-52.
    • Murray, M.D., Morrow, D.G., Weiner, M., Clark, D., Tu, W., Deer, M., Brater, C., and Weinberger, M. (2004), "A Conceptual Framework to Study Medication Adherence in Older Adults," The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, 2, pp. 36-43.


    • Morrow, D.G., Menard, W., Ridolfo, H., Sanborn, A., Stine-Morrow, E.A.L., Magnor, C., Herman, L., Teller, T., and Bryant, D. (2003), "Environmental Support Promotes Expertise-based Mitigation of Age Differences on Pilot Communication Tasks," Psychology and Aging, 18, pp. 268-284.
    • Morrow, D.G., Menard, W., Ridolfo, H., Stine-Morrow, E.A.L., Teller, T., and Bryant, D. (2003), "Expertise, Cognitive Ability, and Aging in Pilot Communication," International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 13, pp. 345-371.
    • Morrow, D.G., Ridolfo, H.E., Menard, W.E., & Leirer, V.O. (2003), "Arriving Prepared: Automated Reminders Improve Adherence to Pre-appointment Procedures," Gerontechnology, 2, pp. 247-254.


    • Stine-Morrow, E.A.L., Morrow, D.G., and Leno, R. (2002), "Aging and Resource Allocation to the Situation Model in Narrative Understanding," Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 57/B, pp. 291-297.