Scott White

Description

Address

  • 3361 Beckman Institute
  • 405 North Mathews Avenue
  • Urbana, Illinois 61801

Biography

Scott White received his Ph.D. (Engineering Mechanics) from Pennsylvania State University in 1990. He is a professor in the U of I Department of Aerospace Engineering and a part-time faculty member in the Beckman Institute Autonomous Materials Systems group. His field of interest is materials design covering the areas of autonomic materials systems, composite materials, meso- and micro structural design, and the processing science of polymeric materials.

Honors

Society of Engineering Science, Board of Directors, 2007-2010, Vice-President (2009); Colombo Prize – Finalist, University of Padua (2009); Innovation Discovery Award, Vice Chancellor for Research of the University of Illinois, the Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership of the University of Illinois, and the Champaign County Economic Development Corporation (2008); SciAm 50 Award, Scientific American (2007); Centennial Fellow, Department of Engr. Science and Mechanics, Penn State University, (2006); University Scholar, University of Illinois (2006); Willett Professor, College of Engineering, University of Illinois, (2005-); Willett Faculty Scholar, College of Engineering, UIUC (2002-2005); HHS Distinguished Alumni Hall of Fame, Harrisonville, MO (2004); Best Paper Award, American Society for Composites (2002, 2003); Top Ten Innovations in Science, Popular Science (2001); The Tech Museum Award, Finalist, The Tech Museum of Innovation, San Jose, CA (2001); UIUC College of Engineering Senior Xerox Research Award (2001); U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Research Team Award (1997); UIUC College of Engineering Outstanding Advisor’s List (1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2007).

Research

Research in Scott White's labs is directed toward the creation of new materials systems that exhibit autonomy - the ability to achieve adaptation and response in an independent and automatic fashion. Their research is concerned with the synthetic reproduction of autonomic biological functions, achieved through the creation and integration of complex materials systems. Two main thrusts of the research are materials with self-generating function and materials with self-regulating function. Self-generating materials incorporate the ability to create, transform, or replicate themselves by a synthetic route. Self-regulating materials possess the ability to autonomically assess their state and respond through multiscale and multifunctional mechanisms such as magnetostrictive actuation or shape memory behavior.

Working in collaboration with Professors Moore, Braun, Sottos, Geubelle, and Lewis, White's group is developing self-generating structural materials for autonomic damage control in polymeric structures such as circuit boards or large-scale composite structures. One example is the incorporation of a healing agent into the matrix of a polymer composite by microencapsulation. A living ROMP polymerization is triggered by contact with an embedded catalyst so that internal fracture surfaces are rebonded. Work is ongoing to optimize the material system and assess the efficiency of healing under a variety of external conditions.

White's group is also developing self-regulating materials such as magnetostrictive particle tagged polymer composites. Just as radioactive tracers are used in biomedical imaging to pinpoint the site of damage in the human body, the magnetostrictive particles are used as "tags" in the host composite material and their interrogation and response indicates the position of damage. Applications for this technology have been proposed in health-monitoring, intelligent processing, non-destructive evaluation, and material characterization. White's group is focused on processing routes for achieving tagging and performance characterization of tagged materials.

White's sources of research funding include AFOSR, NSF, NASA and Grainger Foundation.

Publications

  • 2012
    • Baginska, M.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Merriman, R. J.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Autonomic Shutdown of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Thermoresponsive Microspheres. Advanced Energy Materials 2012, 2, (5), 583-590.

    • Beiermann, B. A.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Role of Mechanophore Orientation in Mechanochemical Reactions. ACS Macro Letters 2012, 1, (1), 163-166.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Grady, M. E.; McIlroy, D. A.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Autonomic Restoration of Electrical Conductivity. Advanced Materials 2012, 24, (3), 398-+.

    • Dong, H. D.; Esser-Kahn, A. P.; Thakre, P. R.; Patrick, J. F.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Chemical Treatment of Poly(Lactic Acid) Fibers to Enhance the Rate of Thermal Depolymerization. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2012, 4, (2), 503-509.

    • Hamilton, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Pressurized Vascular Systems for Self- Healing Materials. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2012, 9, (70), 1020-1028.

    • Neuser, S.; Michaud, V.; White, S. R., Improving Solvent-Based Self-Healing Materials through Shape Memory Alloys. Polymer 2012, 53, (2), 370-378.

    • Jin, H. H.; Mangun, C. L.; Stradley, D. S.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Self-Healing Thermoset Using Encapsulated Epoxy-Amine Healing Chemistry. Polymer 2012, 53, (2), 581-587.

  • 2011
    • Kingsbury, C. M.; May, P. A.; Davis, D. A.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Shear Activation of Mechanophore-Crosslinked Polymers. Journal of Materials Chemistry 2011, 21, (23), 8381-8388.

    • Odom, S. A.; Jackson, A. C.; Prokup, A. M.; Chayanupatkul, S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Visual Indication of Mechanical Damage Using Core-Shell Microcapsules. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2011, 3, (12), 4547-4551.

    • White, S. R.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Olugebefola, S. C.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Self-Healing Polymers and Composites. American Scientist 2011, 99, (5), 392-399.

    • Wilson, G. O.; Caruso, M. M.; Schelkopf, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Adhesion Promotion Via Noncovalent Interactions in Self-Healing Polymers. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2011, 3, (8), 3072-3077.

    • Hansen, C. J.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Lewis, J. A., Accelerated Self-Healing Via Ternary Interpenetrating Microvascular Networks. Advanced Functional Materials 2011, 21, (22), 4320-4326.

    • Brandon, E. J.; Vozoff, M.; Kolawa, E. A.; Studor, G. F.; Lyons, F.; Keller, M. W.; Beiermann, B.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Curry, M. A.; Banks, D. L.; Brocato, R.; Zhou, L. S.; Jung, S. Y.; Jackson, T. N.; Champaigne, K., Structural health management technologies for inflatable/deployable structures: Integrating sensing and self-healing. Acta Astronautica 2011, 68, (7-8), 883-903. 

    • Esser-Kahn, A. P.; Odom, S. A.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Triggered Release from Polymer Capsules. Macromolecules 2011, 44, (14), 5539-5553.

    • Esser-Kahn, A. P.; Thakre, P. R.; Dong, H. F.; Patrick, J. F.; Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Three-Dimensional Microvascular Fiber-Reinforced Composites. Advanced Materials 2011, 23, (32), 3654-3658.

    • Aragon, A. A.; Smith, K. J.; Geubelle, P. H.; White, S. R., Multi-Physics Design of Microvascular Materials for Active Cooling Applications. Journal of Computational Physics 2011, 230, 5178-5198.

    • Beiermann, B. A.; Davis, D. A.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Environmental Effects on Mechanochemical Activation of Spiropyran in Linear PMMA. Journal of Material Chemistry 2011, DOI: 10.1039/C0JM03967E. 

    • Jin, H.; Miller, G. M.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Fracture and fatigue response of a self-healing epoxy adhesive. Polymer 2011, 52, (7), 1628-1634.

    • Kingsbury, C. M.; May, P. A.; Douglas, D. A.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Shear Activation of Mechanophore-Crosslinked Polymers. Journal of Material Chemistry 2011, DOI: 10.1039/C0JM04015K.

  • 2010
    • Kozola, B. D.; Shipton, L. A.; Natrajan, V. K.; Christensen, K. T.; White, S. R., Characterization of Active Cooling and Flow Distribution in Microvascular Polymers. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 2010, 21, (12), 1147-1156.

    • Lee, C. K.; Davis, D. A.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; Braun, P. V., Force-Induced Redistribution of a Chemical Equilibrium. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132, (45), 16107-16111.

    • Mangun, C. L.; Mader, A. C.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Self-healing of a high temperature cured epoxy using poly(dimethylsiloxane) chemistry. Polymer 2010, 51, (18), 4063-4068.

    • Moll, J. L.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., A Self-sealing Fiber-reinforced Composite. Journal of Composite Materials 2010, 44, (22), 2573-2585.

    • Olugebefola, S. C.; Aragon, A. M.; Hansen, C. J.; Hamilton, A. R.; Kozola, B. D.; Wu, W.; Geubelle, P. H.; Lewis, J. A.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Polymer Microvascular Network Composites. Journal of Composite Materials 2010, 44, (22), 2587-2603.

    • White, S. R., Special Issue on Self-Healing Materials. 2010, 44, (2525). 

    • White, S. R.; Geubelle, P. H., Self-healing materials: Get ready for repair-and-go. Nature Nanotechnology 2010, 5, 247-248. 

    • Wilson, G. O.; Andersson, H. M.; White, S. R. ; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; Braun, P. V., Self-Healing Polymers. In Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, 2010; pp 1-33. 

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Baginska, M.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Autonomic Recovery of Fiber/Matrix Interfacial Bond Strength in a Model Composite. Advanced Functional Materials 2010, 20, (20), 3547-3554. 

    • Wu, W.; Hansen, C. J.; Aragon, A. M.; Geubelle, P. H.; White, S. R.; Lewis, J. A., Direct-write assembly of biomimetic microvascular networks for efficient fluid transport. Soft Matter 2010, 6, (4), 739-742.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Kramer, S. L. B.; Olugebefola, S. C.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Self-Healing Polymers and Composites. Annual Review of Materials Research 2010, 40, 179-211.

    • Caruso, M. M.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Jin, H. H.; Schelkopf, S. R.; Stradley, D. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Robust, Double-Walled Microcapsules for Self-Healing Polymeric Materials. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2010, 2, (4), 1195-1199.

    • White, S. R.; Geubelle, P. H., Self-Healing Materials Get ready for repair-and-go. Nature Nanotechnology 2010, 5, (4), 247-248.

    • Wilson, G. O.; Henderson, J. W.; Caruso, M. M.; Blaiszik, B. J.; McIntire, P. J.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Evaluation of peroxide initiators for radical polymerization‐based self‐healing applications. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2010, 48, 2698-2708.

    • Hamilton, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Self-Healing of Internal Damage in Synthetic Vascular Materials. Advanced Materials 2010, 22, (45), 5159-+.

    • Esser-Kahn, A. P.;Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Programmable Microcapsules from Self-Immolative Polymers. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132, (30), 10266-10268, DOI: 10.1021/ja104812p

    • Hamilton, A. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Local Strain Concentrations in a Microvascular Network. Experimental Mechanics 2010, 50, (2), 255-263.

    • Kryger, M. J.; Ong, M. T.; Odom, S. A.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Martinez, T. J.; Moore, J. S., Masked Cyanoacrylates Unveiled by Mechanical Force. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132, (13), 4558-4559.

    • McIlroy, D. A.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Caruso, M. M.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Microencapsulation of a Reactive Liquid-Phase Amine for Self-Healing Epoxy Composites. Macromolecules 2010, 43, (4), 1855-1859.

    • Odom, S. A.; Caruso, M. M.; Finke, A. D.; Prokup, A. M.; Ritchey, J. A.; Leonard, J. H.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., Restoration of Conductivity with TTF-TCNQ Charge-Transfer Salts. Advanced Functional Materials 2010, 20, (11), 1721-1727.

    • Patel, A. J.; Sottos, N. R.; Wetzel, E. D.; White, S. R., Autonomic healing of low-velocity impact damage in fiber-reinforced composites. Composites Part a-Applied Science and Manufacturing 2010, 41, (3), 360-368.

  • 2009
    • Toohey, K. S.; Hansen, C. J.; Lewis, J. A.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Delivery of Two-Part Self-Healing Chemistry via Microvascular Networks. Advanced Functional Materials 2009, 19, (9), 1399-1405.

    • Toohey, K. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Characterization of Microvascular-Based Self-healing Coatings. Experimental Mechanics 2009, 49, (5), 707-717.

    • Hansen, C. J.; Wu, W.; Toohey, K. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Lewis, J. A., Self-Healing Materials with Interpenetrating Microvascular Networks. Advanced Materials 2009, 21, (41), 4143-4147.

    • Kirkby, E. L.; Michaud, V. J.; Manson, J. A. E.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Performance of self-healing epoxy with microencapsulated healing agent and shape memory alloy wires. Polymer 2009, 50, (23), 5533-5538.

    • Cho, S. H.; White, S. R.; Braun, P. V., Self-Healing Polymer Coatings. Advanced Materials 2009, 21, (6), 645-+.

    • Davis, D. A.; Hamilton, A.; Yang, J. L.; Cremar, L. D.; Van Gough, D.; Potisek, S. L.; Ong, M. T.; Braun, P. V.; Martinez, T. J.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R., Force-induced activation of covalent bonds in mechanoresponsive polymeric materials. Nature 2009, 459, (7243), 68-72.

    • Toohey, K. S.; Hansen, C. J.; Lewis, J. A.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Delivery of Two-Part Self-Healing Chemistry via Microvascular Networks. Advanced Functional Materials 2009, 19, (9), 1399-1405.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Caruso, M. M.; McIlroy, D. A.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Microcapsules filled with reactive solutions for self-healing materials. Polymer 2009, 50, (4), 990-997.

    • Wilson, G. O.; Porter, K. A.; Weissman, H.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., Stability of Second Generation Grubbs' Alkylidenes to Primary Amines: Formation of Novel Ruthenium-Amine Complexes. Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis 2009, 351, (11-12), 1817-1825.

    • Caruso, M. M.; Davis, D. A.; Shen, Q.; Odom, S. A.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Mechanically-Induced Chemical Changes in Polymeric Materials. Chemical Reviews 2009, 109, (11), 5755-5798.

  • 2008
    • White, S. R.; Caruso, M. M.; Moore, J. S., Autonomic healing of polymers. MRS Bulletin 2008, 33, (8), 766-769.

    • Yang, J. L.; Keller, M. W.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Microencapsulation of Isocyanates for Self-Healing Polymers. Macromolecules 2008, 41, (24), 9650-9655.

    • Kirkby, E. L.; Rule, J. D.; Michaud, V. L.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Manson, J. A. E., Embedded shape-memory alloy wires for improved performance of self-healing polymers. Advanced Functional Materials 2008, 18, (15), 2253-2260.

    • Mookhoek, S. D.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Fischer, H. R.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; van der Zwaag, S., Peripherally decorated binary microcapsules containing two liquids. Journal of Materials Chemistry 2008, 18, (44), 5390-5394.

    • Toohey, K. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Characterization of Microvascular-Based Self-Healing Coatings. In Experimental Mechanics 2008.

    • Aragon, A. M.; Wayer, J. K.; Geubelle, P. H.; Goldberg, D. E.; White, S. R., Design of microvascular flow networks using multi-objective genetic algorithms. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 2008, 197, (49-50), 4399-4410.

    • Wilson, G. O.; Caruso, M. M.; Reimer, N. T.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., Evaluation of ruthenium catalysts for ring-opening metathesis polymerization-based self-healing applications. Chemistry of Materials 2008, 20, (10), 3288-3297.

    • Wilson, G. O.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Andersson, H. M., Autonomic healing of epoxy vinyl esters via ring opening metathesis polymerization. Advanced Functional Materials 2008, 18, (1), 44-52.

    • Blaiszik, B. J.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Nanocapsules for self-healing materials. Composites Science and Technology 2008, 68, (3-4), 978-986.

    • Caruso, M. M.; Blaiszik, B. J.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S., Full recovery of fracture toughness using a non-toxic solvent-based self-healing system Advanced Functional Materials 2008, 18, (13), 1898-1904.

    • Caruso, M. M.; Delafuente, D. A.; Ho, V.; Sottos, N.; White, S.; Moore, J. S., Solvent-Based Self-Healing Epoxy Materials. Polymer Preprints, 2008, 49 (1), (974-975).

    • Kamphaus, J. M.; Rule, J. D.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., A new self-healing epoxy with tungsten (VI) chloride catalyst. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2008, 5, (18), 95-103.

    • Keller, M. W.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Torsion fatigue of a self-healing poly(dimethyl siloxane) elastomer. Polymer 2008, 49, 3136-3145.

    • McIlroy, D. A.; Blaiszik, B. J.; Braun, P. V.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Microencapsulation of polyfunctional amines for self-healing of epoxy-based composites. Polymer Preprints 2008, 49, (1), 963- 964.

    • Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., When chemistry meets mechanics. Polymer Preprints 2008, 49, (1), 985.

  • 2007
    • Potisek, S. L.; Davis, D. A.; Sottos, N.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Mechanophore-linked addition polymers. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2007, 129, (45), 13808-13809.

    • Toohey, K. S.; Sottos, N. R.; Lewis, J. A.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Self-healing materials with microvascular networks. Nature Materials 2007, 6, (8), 581-585.

    • Keller, M. W.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., A self-healing poly(dimethyl siloxane) elastomer. Advanced Functional Materials 2007, 17, (14), 2399-2404.

    • Caruso, M. M.; Delafuente, D. A.; Ho, V.; Sottos, N. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R., Solvent-promoted self-healing epoxy materials. Macromolecules 2007, 40, (25), 8830-8832.

    • Hickenboth, C. R.; Moore, J. S.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R.; Baudry, J.; Wilson, S. R., Biasing reaction pathways with mechanical force. Nature 2007, 446, (7134), 423-427.

    • Jones, A. S.; Rule, J. D.; Moore, J. S.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Life extension of self-healing polymers with rapidly growing fatigue cracks. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2007, 4, (13), 395-403.

    • Therriault, D.; White, S. R.; Lewis, J. A., Rheological behavior of fugitive organic inks for direct-write assembly. Applied Rheology 2007, 17, (1), 26-33.

    • Rule, J. D.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Effect of microcapsule size on the performance of self-healing polymers. Polymer 2007, 48, 3520-3529.

    • Sottos, N.; White, S.; Bond, I., Introduction: self-healing polymers and composites. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2007, 4, (13), 347-348.

    • O'Brien, D. J.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R., Cure-dependent viscoelastic poisson's ratio of epoxy. Experimental Mechanics 2007, 47, (2), 237-249.

    • Mauldin, T. C.; Rule, J. D.; Sottos, N. R.; White, S. R.; Moore, J. S., Self-healing kinetics and the stereoisomers of dicyclopentadiene. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2007, 4, (13), 389-393.

  • 2006
    • Brown, E. N.; White, S. R.; Sottos, N. R., Fatigue crack propagation in microcapsule-toughened epoxy. Journal of Materials Science 2006, 41, (19), 6266-6273.

  • 2003
    • Therriault, D., White, S.R., and Lewis, J.A. (2003), "Chaotic mixing in three-dimensional microvascular networks fabricated by direct-write assembly," Nature Materials, 2/4, pp. 265-271.

    • Kessler, M.R., Sottos, N.R., and White, S.R. (2003), "Self-healing structural composite materials," Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 34/8, pp. 743-753.

  • 2001
    • White, S.R., Sottos, N.R., Moore, J., Geubelle, P., Kessler, M., Brown, E., Suresh, S., and Viswanathan, S. (2001), "Autonomic healing of polymer composites," Nature, 409, pp. 794-797.

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