Gabriele Gratton

Description

  • Title: Professor
  • Group: Mechanisms of Cognitive Control
  • Status: Beckman Full-time Faculty
  • Home: Psychology

Address

  • 2161 Beckman Institute
  • 405 North Mathews Avenue
  • Urbana, Illinois 61801

Biography

Gabriele Gratton received his M.D. from University of Rome in 1980 and his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois in 1991. He is a professor in the Psychology Department and a full-time faculty member in the Beckman Institute Cognitive Neuroscience group. His field of interest is Cognitive Neuroscience.

Honors

President-Elect (2008-2009), President (2009-20010) and Past-President (2010-2011) of the Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR); 2006 Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science (APS); SPR Early Career Contribution to Psychophysiology (1997); University of Missouri Provost Outstanding Junior Faculty Research and Creativity Award (2000).

Research

Gabriele Gratton's interests are in cognitive neuroscience, specifically in the basic organization (spatial, temporal, and functional) of elementary cognitive processes such as those involved in sensory and working memory, attention, motor preparation, and strategy selection. Gratton has been focusing on the application of functional brain imaging methods to the study of these processes in normal adult subjects using optical, electrophysiological and hemodynamic techniques.

This research is currently developing along two major directions. The first is methodological, and involves the development of a new non-invasive brain imaging approach based on optical measures (the event-related optical signal, or EROS) as well as of a number of tools for the analysis of event-related brain potentials (ERPs). EROS allows investigators to study non-invasively of the time course of activity in localized cortical areas. Gratton's initial work has shown the feasibility and validity of this approach (Gratton et al., Psychophysiology, 1994, 1995; Gratton et al., Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1995). Subsequent work has demonstrated that EROS has good temporal correspondence with the ERP and good spatial correspondence with functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI; Gratton et al., NeuroImage, 1997). Optical methods also allow for a direct comparison of neuronal and hemodynamic indices of brain activity. This property can be used to study the relationship between these two signals both in terms of spatial localization and of sensitivity to functional manipulations. Initial analyses suggest that the hemodynamic signal is proportional to the amplitude of the neuronal signal, providing further support for the quantitative use of hemodynamic methods in the study of brain function (Gratton et al., Human Brain Mapping, 2001).

His second research focus is on the brain implementation and organization of basic cognitive processes, including the hemispheric organization of sensory memory; and,) the organization of motor and strategic processes. Research conducted by Gratton in the last few years has uncovered physiological evidence that visual memory is organized hemispherically, at least at early stages of visual processing (see Gratton et al., Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1997; Gratton et al., Psychophysiology, 1998). He is also expanding this line of research to the neurophysiology of auditory sensory memory (Rinne, Gratton, et al., NeuroImage, 1999), to the organization of strategic processes (Corballis & Gratton, submitted), as well as to the localization and time course of visual attention processes (Gratton, NeuroReport, 1997).

Gratton's research on the organization of motor and strategic processes has focused on the analysis of the activation of responses in conflict paradigms (such as the Eriksen flankers task and the Stroop paradigm). ERP data indicate that when the stimulus contains conflicting information (i.e., information leading to two mutually exclusive responses), subjects may temporarily show preferential activation of the incorrect response before actually emitting the correct response (Gratton et al., 1988). Recently, Gratton and his collaborators have obtained EROS data indicating that this is actually due to a brief activation of the motor cortex associated with the incorrect response (DeSoto et al., Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2001). These data indicate that task-irrelevant information is actually processed all the way to the level of the motor cortex, thus providing physiological support for late selection models. However, other research indicates that the processing of irrelevant information is not entirely obligatory, since it is influenced by expectancy effects (Gratton et al., Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 1992; Corballis & Gratton, submitted).

Publications

  • 2015
    • Tse, C. Y.; Gratton, G.; Garnsey, S. M.; Novak, M. A.; Fabiani, M., Read My Lips: Brain dynamics associated with audiovisual integration and deviance detection. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2015, Apr 7:1-15. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25848682

    • Leaver E. E.; Low K. A.; DiVacri A.; Merla A.; Fabiani1 M.; Gratton1 G., The Devil is in the Detail: Brain dynamics in preparation for a global-local task. J. Cognitive Neuroscience. 2015 27, (8), 1513-1527. DOI:10.1162/jocn_a_00800

    • Gratton, G.; Shin, E.; Fabiani, M., Hemispheric Organization of Visual Memory: Analyzing Visual Working Memory with Brain Measures, In Attention & Performance XXV: Mechanisms of Sensory Working Memory. Jolicoeur, P., Lefebvre, C., Marinez-Trujillo, J., Eds. 2015, Ch. 7, 75-88.

    • Fabiani, M.; Zimmerman, B.; Gratton, G., Working Memory and Aging: A Review, In Attention & Performance XXV: Mechanisms of Sensory Working Memory. P., J., Lefebvre, C., Marinez-Trujillo, J., Eds.; Elsevier, 2015, Ch. 11, 131-148.

    • Chiarelli, A. M.; Maclin, E. L.; Low, K. A.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Comparison of Procedures for Co-Registering Scalp-Recording Locations to Anatomical Magnetic Resonance Images. Journal of Biomedical Optics 2015, 20, (1), 16009, DOI:10.1117/1.JBO.20.1.016009.

    • Chiarelli, A. M.; Maclin, E. L.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., A Kurtosis-Based Wavelet Algorithm for Motion Artifact Correction of fNIRS Data. Neuroimage 2015, 112, 128-137, DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.02.057.

  • 2014
    • Gratton, G., Brain Reflections: A Psychophysiologist’s View of Brain Function. Psychophysiology 2014, 51, S9-S9.

    • Zimmerman, B.; Sutton3, B. P.; Low, K. A.; Fletcher, M. A.; Tan, C. H.; Schneider-Garces, N.; Li, Y. F.; Ouyang, C.; Maclin, E. L.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Cardiorespiratory Fitness Mediates the Effects of Aging on Cerebral Blood Flow. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2014, 6, DOI:10.3389/fnagi.2014.00059.

    • Walker, J. A.; Low, K. A.; Cohen1, N. J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., When Memory Leads the Brain to Take Scenes at Face Value: Face Areas Are Reactivated at Test by Scenes That Were Paired with Faces at Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2014, 8, DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00018.

    • Tan, C. H.; Low, K. A.; Zimmerman, B.; Schneider-Garces, N.; Fletcher, M. A.; Maclin, E. L.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Measuring Vascular Tone in the Brain Using Optical Imaging During Voluntary Breath Holding. Psychophysiology 2014, 51, S52-S52.

    • Tan, C. H.; Low, K. A.; Schneider-Garces, N.; Fletcher, M. A.; Zimmerman, B.; Maclin, E. L.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Measuring Vascular Tone in the Brain Using Optical Imaging During a Sternberg Memory Task. Psychophysiology 2014, 51, S52-S52.

    • Mathewson, K. E.; Beck, D. M.; Ro, T.; Maclin, E. L.; Low, K. A.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Dynamics of Alpha Control: Preparatory Suppression of Posterior Alpha Oscillations by Frontal Modulators Revealed with Combined EEG and Event-Related Optical Signal. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2014, 26, (10), 2400-2415, DOI:10.1162/Jocn_a_00637.

    • Low, K. A.; Fabiani, M.; Hyde, D. C.; Baillargeon, R.; Fisher, C.; Gratton, G., Phoneme Processing Pathways in Infants Revealed by Fast Optical Imaging. Psychophysiology 2014, 51, S52-S53.

    • Keil, A.; Debener, S.; Gratton, G.; Junghofer, M.; Kappenman, E. S.; Luck, S. J.; Luu, P.; Miller, G. A.; Yee, C. M., Committee Report: Publication Guidelines and Recommendations for Studies Using Electroencephalography and Magnetoencephalography. Psychophysiology 2014, 51, (1), 1-21, DOI:10.1111/Psyp.12147.

    • Jang, K. I.; Han, S. Y.; Xu, S.; Mathewson, K. E.; Zhang, Y. H.; Jeong, J. W.; Kim, G. T.; Webb, C.; Lee, J. W.; Dawidczyk, T. J.; Kim, R. H.; Song, Y. M.; Yeo, W. H.; Kim, S.; Cheng, H. Y.; Il Rhee, S.; Chung, J.; Kim, B.; Chung, H. U.; Lee, D. J.; Yang, Y. Y.; Cho, M.; Gaspar, J. G.; Carbonari, R.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Huang, Y. G.; Rogers, J. A., Rugged and Breathable Forms of Stretchable Electronics with Adherent Composite Substrates for Transcutaneous Monitoring. Nature Communications 2014, 5, DOI:ARTN 4779 DOI:10.1038/Ncomms5779.

    • Gordon, B. A.; Tse, C. Y.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Spread of Activation and Deactivation in the Brain: Does Age Matter? Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2014, 6, DOI:ARTN 288 DOI:10.3389/Fnagi.2014.00288.

    • Fletcher, M. A.; Burzynska, A. Z.; Low, K. A.; Boyd, R.; Zimmerman, B.; Tan, C. H.; Schneider-Garces, N.; Freeman, A.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., The Mediating Effects of Anatomy and White Matter Hyperintensities on Cognition: A Healthy Aging Study. Psychophysiology 2014, 51, S52-S52.

    • Fabiani, M.; Low, K. A.; Tan, C. H.; Zimmerman, B.; Fletcher, M. A.; Schneider-Garces, N.; Maclin, E. L.; Chiarelli, A. M.; Sutton, B. P.; Gratton, G., Taking the Pulse of Aging: Mapping Pulse Pressure and Elasticity in Cerebral Arteries with Optical Methods. Psychophysiology 2014, 51, (11),1072-1088, DOI:10.1111/Psyp.12288.

    • Fabiani, M.; Gordon, B. A.; Maclin, E. L.; Pearson, M. A.; Brumback-Peltz, C. R.; Low, K. A.; McAuley, E.; Sutton, B. P.; Kramer, A. F.; Gratton, G., Neurovascular Coupling in Normal Aging: A Combined Optical, ERP and fMRI Study. Neuroimage 2014, 85, 592-607, DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.04.113.

  • 2013
    • Lee, J. V.; Maclin, E. L.; Low, K. A.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M.; Clayton, D. F., Noninvasive Diffusive Optical Imaging of the Auditory Response to Birdsong in the Zebra Finch. Journal of Comparative Physiology A-Neuroethology Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology 2013, 199, (3), 227-238, DOI:10.1007/s00359-012-0788-0.

    • Fletcher, M.; Boyd, R.; Low, K.; Schneider-Garces, N.; Freeman, A.; Northrup, E.; Hopman, R.; Ventrella, C.; Zimmerman, B.; Tan, C. H.; Gratton1, G.; Fabiani1, M., Relationship between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Hippocampal Subfields Anatomy in Healthy Older Adults. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2013 54-54.

    • Fleming, K. A.; Bartholow, B. D.; Sable, J.; Pearson, M.; Fabiani,  M.; Gratton, G., Effects of Alcohol on Sequential Information Processing: Evidence for Temporal Myopia. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2013, 27, (1), 184-190, DOI:10.1037/a0028535.

    • Fabiani, 1 M.; Gratton, G., Aging, Working Memory and Attention Control: A Tale of Two Processing Streams? In Principles of Frontal Lobe Function: Second Edition. Stuss, D. T., Knight, R. T., Eds.; Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 2013, Ch. 34, 582-592.

    • Baniqued, P. L.; Low, K. A.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Frontoparietal Traffic Signals: A Fast Optical Imaging Study of Preparatory Dynamics in Response Mode Switching. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2013, 25, (6), 887-902, DOI:10.1162/jocn_a_00341.

  • 2012
    • Parks, N. A.; Maclin, E. L.; Low, K. A.; Beck, D. M.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Examining Cortical Dynamics and Connectivity with Simultaneous Single-Pulse Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Fast Optical Imaging. Neuroimage 2012, 59, (3), 2504-2510.

    • Voss, M. W.; Prakash, R. S.; Erickson, K. I.; Boot, W. R.; Basak, C.; Neider, M. B.; Simons, D. J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Kramer, A. F., Effects of Training Strategies Implemented in a Complex Videogame on Functional Connectivity of Attentional Networks. Neuroimage 2012, 59, (1), 138-148.

    • Lee, H.; Boot, W. R.; Basak, C.; Voss, M. W.; Prakash, R. S.; Neider, M.; Erickson, K. I.; Simons, D. J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Low, K. A.; Kramer, A. F., Performance Gains from Directed Training Do Not Transfer to Untrained Tasks. Acta Psychologica 2012, 139, (1), 146-158.

    • Prakash, R. S.; De Leon, A. A.; Mourany, L.; Lee, H.; Voss, M. W.; Boot, W. R.; Basak, C.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Kramer, A. F., Examining Neural Correlates of Skill Acquisition in a Complex Videogame Training Program. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2012, 6, DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00115.

    • Mathewson, K. E.; Basak, C.; Maclin, E. L.; Low, K. A.; Boot, W. R.; Kramer, A. F.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Different Slopes for Different Folks: Alpha and Delta EEG Power Predict Subsequent Video Game Learning Rate and Improvements in Cognitive Control Tasks. Psychophysiology 2012, 49, (12), 1558-1570.

    • Fletcher, M. A.; Low, K. A.; Schneider-Garces, N.; Weng, T.; Boyd, R.; Zimmerman, B.; Tan, C. H.; Gordon, B.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Relationships between Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Brain Anatomy, and Cognition in Healthy Older Adults. Psychophysiology 2012, 49, S63-S63.

    • Gratton, S.; Fabiani, M., Other Imaging Techniques for Studying Human Brain Function, In APA Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology: Vol. 1. Foundations, Planning, Measures, and Psychometrics; Cooper, H., Ed.; APA Books, Washington, DC, 2012.

    • Lee, H.; Boot, W. R.; Basak, C.; Voss, M. W.; Prakash, R. S.; Neider, M.; Erickson, K. I.; Simons, D. J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Low, K. A.; Kramer, A. F., Performance Gains from Directed Training Do Not Transfer to Untrained Tasks. Acta Psychologica 2012, 139, (1), 146-158.

    • Lee, H. K.; Voss, M. W.; Prakash, R.; Boot, W. R.; Vo, L.; Basak, C.; Van Patter, M.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M.; Kramer, A. F., Videogame Training Strategy-Induced Change in Brain Function During a Complex Visuomotor Task. Behavioural Brain Research 2012, 232, 348-357.

  • 2011
    • Maclin, E. L.; Mathewson, K. E.; Low, K. A.; Boot, W. R.; Kramer, A. F.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Learning to Multitask: Effects of Video Game Practice on Electrophysiological Indices of Attention and Resource Allocation. Psychophysiology 2011, 48, (9), 1173-1183.

    • Vo, L. T. K.; Walther, D. B.; Kramer, A. F.; Erickson, K. I.; Boot, W. R.; Voss, M. W.; Prakash, R. S.; Lee, H.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Simons, D. J.; Sutton, B. P.; Wang, M. Y., Predicting Individuals' Learning Success from Patterns of Pre-Learning MRI Activity. PLOS One 2011, 6, (1).

    • Mathewson, K. E.; Lleras, A.; Beck, D. M.; Fabiani, M.; Ro, T.; Gratton, G., Pulsed Out of Awareness: EEG Alpha oscillations represent a pulsed inhibition of ongoing cortical processing. Frontiers in Perception Science 2011, 2, (99), 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00099.

    • Brumback Peltz, C. R.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Age-Related Changes in Electrophysiological and Neuropsychological Indices of Working Memory, Attention Control, and Cognitive Flexibility. Frontiers in Cognition 2011, 2, 190.

  • 2010
    • Mathewson, K. E.; Low, K. A.; Maclin, E. L.; Stanley, T.; Basak, C.; Kramer, A. F.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Who Will Learn Best? Electrophysiological Markers of Cognitive Control Predict Subsequent Complex Task Learning in the Space Fortress Game. Psychophysiology 2010, 47, S28-S28.

    • Mathewson, K. E.; Prudhomme, C.; Fabiani, M.; Beck, D. M.; Gratton, G.; Lleras, A., Entraining Neural Oscillations with Rhythmic Visual Stimulation Elicits Simultaneous Fluctuations in Visual Awareness. Psychophysiology 2010, 47, S28-S28.

    • Parks, N. A.; Maclin, E. L.; Beck, D. M.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Assessing Human Brain Function with Simultaneous Optical Imaging and Tms. Psychophysiology 2010, 47, S28-S28.

    • Schneider-Garces, N.; Low, K.; Maclin, E.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Taking the Pulse of Aging: Fitness, Vascular Elasticity and Cerebral Health. Psychophysiology 2010, 47, S27-S27.

    • Tse, C. Y.; Gratton, G.; Garnsey, S. M.; Novak, M. A.; Fabiani, M., Read My Lips? Dissociating Audiovisual Integration and Deviance Detection with Event-Related Optical Signals (Eros). Psychophysiology 2010, 47, S27-S27.

    • Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Fast optical imaging of human brain function. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2010, 4:52. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2010.00052.

    • Mathewson, K. E.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Beck, D. M.; Lleras, A., Rescuing stimuli from invisibility: Inducing a momentary release from visual masking with pre-target entrainment. Cognition 2010, 115, (1), 186-191.

    • Mathewson, K. E.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Beck, D. M.; Lleras, A., Making waves in the stream of consciousness: Eliciting predictable oscillations in visual awareness with pretarget entrainment at 12 Hz. Visual Cognition 2010, 18, (1), 137-141.

    • Wlotko, E. W.; Federmeier, K. D.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., The Event-Related Optical Signal Reveals Contralateral and Ipsilateral Brain Activity over Time During Lateralized Processing of Words. Psychophysiology 2010, 47, S29-S29.

    • Boot, W. R.; Basak, C.; Erickson, K. I.; Neider, M.; Simons, D. J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Voss, M. W.; Prakash, R.; Lee, H.; Low, K. A.; Kramer, A. F., Transfer of Skill Engendered By Complex Task Training under Conditions of Variable Priority. Acta Psychologica 2010, 135, (3), 349-357.

    • Schneider-Garces, N. J.; Gordon, B. A.; Brumback-Peltz, C. R.; Shin, E.; Lee, Y.; Sutton, B. P.; Maclin, E. L.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Span, CRUNCH, and Beyond: Working Memory Capacity and the Aging Brain. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2010, 22, (4), 655-669.

    • Tse, C.-Y.; Gordon, B. A.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Frequency analysis of the visual steady-state response measured with the fast optical signal in younger and older adults. Biological Psychology 2010, doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2010.05.007 

    • Boot, W. R.; Basak, C.; Erickson, K. I.; Neider, M.; Simons, D. J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Voss, M. W.; Prakash, R.; Lee, H.; Low, K. A.; Kramer, A. F., Transfer of skill engendered by complex task training under conditions of variable priority. Acta Psychologica 2010, 135, (3), 349-357.

    • Erickson, K. I.; Boot, W. R.; Basak, C.; Neider, M. B.; Prakash, R. S.; Voss, M. W.; Graybiel, A. M.; Simons, D. J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Kramer, A. F., Striatal Volume Predicts Level of Video Game Skill Acquisition. Cerebral Cortex 2010, 20, (11), 2522-2530.

    • Ghinescu, R.; Stadler, M. A.; Schachtman, T.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Strategic behavior without awareness? Effects of implicit learning in the Eriksen flanker paradigm. Memory & Cognition 2010, 38, (2), 197-205.

  • 201
    • Fleming, K. A.; Bartholow, B. D.; Sable, J.; Pearson, M.; Fabiani1,  M.; Gratton1, G., Effects of Alcohol on Sequential Information Processing: Evidence for Temporal Myopia. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2013, 27, (1), 184-190, DOI:10.1037/a0028535.

  • 2009
    • Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Brain Imaging probes of the Cognitive and Physiological Effects of Aging. In Aging, Exercise, and Cognition Series: Volume III. Enhancing Cognitive Functioning and Brain Plasticity, Chodzko-Zajko, W., Kramer, A.F., Poon, L., Ed. Human Kinetics Publishers: Champaign, IL, 2009; pp 1-14.

    • Schneider-Garces, N.; Maclin, E.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Movement Correction in Optical Data; Comparison between Feature Based and Principal Component Based Approach. Psychophysiology 2009, 46, S108-S108.

    • Gratton, G.; Wee, E.; Rykhlevskaia, E. I.; Leaver, E. E.; Fabiani, M., Does White Matter Matter? Spatio-temporal Dynamics of Task Switching in Aging. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2009, 21, (7), 1380-1395.

    • Mathewson, K. E.; Beck, D. M.; Ro, T.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Illuminating Awareness: Investigating the Temporal and Spatial Neural Dynamics of Metacontrast Masking Using the Event-Related Optical Signal. Psychophysiology 2009, 46, S136-S136.

    • Gordon, B. A.; Brumback, C.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., The Default Network: Not So Default. Psychophysiology 2009, 46, S108-S108.

    • Gratton, G., Rykhlevskaia, E., Wee, E., Leaver, E., & Fabiani, M., Does white matter matter? Spatiotemporal dynamics of task switching in aging. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 2009, 21, (7), 1380-1395.

    • Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Fast optical signals: Principles, methods, and experimental results. In In Vivo Optical imaging of brain, 2nd edition, Frostig, R., Ed. CRC Press: 2009; pp 435-460.

    • Low, K. A.; Leaver, E. E.; Kramer, A. F.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Share or compete? Load-dependent recruitment of prefrontal cortex during dual-task performance. Psychophysiology 2009, 46, (5), 1069-1079.

    • Mathewson, K. E.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M.; Beck, D. M.; Ro, T., To See or Not to See: Prestimulus alpha Phase Predicts Visual Awareness. Journal of Neuroscience 2009, 29, (9), 2725-2732.

  • 2008
    • Boot, W. R.; Kramer, A. F.; Simons, D. J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., The effects of video game playing on attention, memory, and executive control. Acta Psychologica 2008, 129, (3), 387-398.

    • Gordon, B. A.; Rykhlevskaia, E. I.; Brumback, C. R.; Lee, Y.; Elavsky, S.; Konopack, J. F.; McAuley, E.; Kramer, A. F.; Colcombe, S.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Neuroanatomical correlates of aging, cardiopulmonary fitness level, and education. Psychophysiology 2008, 45, (5), 825-838.

    • Gratton, G. & Fabiani, M., The Event-related Optical Signal (EROS) and Augmented Cognition.  Augmented Cognition International Quarterly Newsletter 2008, 4(3), 6,14.

    • Gratton, G., Kramer A. F., & Fabiani, M., Brain sensors and measures.  In D. D. Schmorrow, & K. M. Stanney (Eds.), Augmented Cognition: A Practitioner’s Guide (pp. 1-26). Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES), 2008.

    • Czernochowski, D., Fabiani, M., & Friedman, D., Use it or lose it? Socio-economic status mitigates age-related decline in a recency/recognition task. Neurobiology of Aging 2008, 29, 945–958.

    • Gratton, G., Low, K. A., & Fabiani, M., Time course of executive processes: Data from the event-related optical signal (EROS).  In S. A. Bunge & J. D. Wallis (Eds.), Perspectives on Rule-Guided Behavior 2008, (pp. 197-223) New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    • Ombao, H.; Shao, X. F.; Rykhlevskaia, E.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Spatio-Spectral Analysis of Brain Signals. Statistica Sinica 2008, 18, (4), 1465-1482.

    • Shin, E.; Wan, X. I.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Lleras, A., Electrophysiological evidence of feature-based inhibition of focused attention across consecutive trials. Psychophysiology 2008, 45, (5), 804-811.

    • Tse, C. Y.; Gordon, B. A.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Frequency analysis of fast optical signals in a working memory task. Psychophysiology 2008, 45, S24-S24.

    • Whalen, C.; Maclin, E. L.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Validation of a Method for Coregistering Scalp Recording Locations With 3D Structural MR Images. Human Brain Mapping 2008, 29, (11), 1288-1301.

    • Gratton, G.; Kramer, A.; Fabiani, M., Brain sensors and measures. In Augmented Cognition: A Practitioner’s Guide, Schmorrow, D. D., Stanney, K.M., Ed. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES): Santa Monica, CA, 2008; pp 1-26.

    • Rykhlevskaia, E.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Combining structural and functional neuroimaging data for studying brain connectivity: A review. Psychophysiology 2008, 45, (2), 173-187.

  • 2007
    • Sable, J. J.; Rector, D. M.; Gratton, G., Optical neurophysiology based on animal models - Animal models provide precision and experimental control not typically available in humans. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 2007, 26, (4), 17-24.

    • Schneider, N. J.; Eunsam, S.; Gordon, B. A.; Brumback, C. R.; Lee, Y.; Maclin, E. L.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Effects of parametric changes in working memory load on the bold and ERP response in young and old adults. Psychophysiology 2007, 44, S55-S55.

    • Shin, E.; Wan, X. I.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G.; Lleras, A., Electrophysiological evidence of inter-trial inhibition of focused attention. Psychophysiology 2007, 44, S55-S55.

    • Tse, C. Y.; Lee, C. L.; Sullivan, J.; Garnsey, S. M.; Dell, G. S.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Imaging cortical dynamics of language processing with the event-related optical signal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2007, 104, (43), 17157-17162.

    • Tse, C. Y.; Low, K. A.; Agran, J.; Arroyo, G.; Jackson, C.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Dissociating brain responses to implicit rules of varying complexity. Psychophysiology 2007, 44, S55-S55.

    • Gordon, B. A.; Rykhlevskaia, E. I.; Brumback, C. R.; McAuley, E.; Kramer, A. F.; Colcombe, S.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., The effects of education and physical fitness on brain anatomy. Psychophysiology 2007, 44, S54-S55.

    • Fabiani, M.; Schmorrow, D. D.; Gratton, G., Optical imaging of the intact human brain - A view from the guest editors. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 2007, 26, (4), 14-16.

    • Gallagher, A.; Theriault, M.; Bastien, D.; Vannasing, P.; Gratton, G.; Rouleau, I.; Sauerwein, C.; Grova, C.; Bhoutillier, A.; Nguyen, D.; Carmant, L.; Lortie, A.; Lepore, F.; Beland, R.; Lassonde, M., Combined near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and electrophysiology (EEG) in the study of language lateralization and epileptogenic zone localization in epileptic children. Epilepsia 2007, 48, 174-175.

    • Gallagher, A.; Theriault, M.; Maclin, E.; Low, K.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M.; Gagnon, L.; Valois, K.; Rouleau, I.; Sauerwein, H. C.; Carmant, L.; Nguyen, D. K.; Lortie, A.; Lepore, F.; Beland, R.; Lassonde, M., Near-infrared spectroscopy as an alternative to the Wada test for language mapping in children, adults and special populations. Epileptic Disorders 2007, 9, (3), 241-255.

    • Gratton, C.; Evans, K. M.; Federmeier, K. D., Generalizing knowledge: ERPS reveal the time-course of retrieval of novel categories. Psychophysiology 2007, 44, S61-S61.

    • Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., When structure meets function: New frontiers in neuroimaging. Psychophysiology 2007, 44, S15-S15.

    • Maclin, E. L.; Low, K. A.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Improving the signal-to-noise ratio of event-related optical signals - Varying modulation frequency and wavelength for improved study of brain function. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 2007, 26, (4), 47-51.

    • Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M. Shedding Light on Brain Function: The Event-related Optical Signal. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, (in press).

    • Sable, J. J.; Low, K. A.; Whalen, C. J.; Maclin, E. L.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Optical imaging of temporal integration in human auditory cortex. European Journal of Neuroscience 2007, 25, (1), 298-306.

    • McCluskey, M. D.; Sable, J. J.; Foust, A. J.; Gratton, G.; Rector, D. M., Recording invertebrate nerve activation with modulated light changes. Applied Optics 2007, 46, (10), 1866-1871.

  • 2006
    • Rykhlevskaia, E. I.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Age-related changes in frontal and parietal interhemispheric connectivity revealed by diffusion tensor imaging. Psychophysiology 2006, 43, S84-S84.

    • Shin, E.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Perceiving multiple items at once: Effects of what and how. Psychophysiology 2006, 43, S90-S90.

    • Shin, E.; Termini, L. R.; Brumback, C. R.; Gordon, B. A.; Lee, Y.; Morris, K. S.; Doerksen, S. E.; McAuley, E.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Effects of aging and physical fitness in a memory search task. Psychophysiology 2006, 43, S90-S90.

    • Tse, C. Y.; Lee, C. L.; Sullivan, J.; Agrawal, A.; Zarif, M.; Garnsey, S.; Dell, G. S.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., An event-related optical signal (EROS) study of frontal and temporal cortices in processing semantic and syntactic anomaly during sentence comprehension. Psychophysiology 2006, 43, S99-S99.

    • Brumback, C. R.; Gordon, B. A.; Schneider, N. J.; Lee, Y.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., Working memory capacity and age differences in the antisaccade task: An EROS study. Psychophysiology 2006, 43, S27-S27.

    • Gordon, B. A.; Schneider, N. J.; Brumback, C. R.; Rykhlevskaia, E. I.; Scalf, P.; Doerksen, S. E.; Morris, K. S.; McAuley, E.; Gratton, G.; Fabiani, M., The effects of cardiovascular fitness in older adults on a Sternberg memory search paradigm: An fMRI study. Psychophysiology 2006, 43, S42-S42.

    • Gratton, G.; Brumback, C. R.; Gordon, B. A.; Pearson, M. A.; Low, K. A.; Fabiani, M., Effects of measurement method, wavelength, and source-detector distance on the fast optical signal. Neuroimage 2006, 32, (4), 1576-1590.

    • Leaver, E. E.; Low, K. A.; Jackson, C.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Spatiotemporal dynamics of global/local processing: An event-related optical imaging study. Psychophysiology 2006, 43, S57-S57.

    • Low, K. A.; Leaver, E. E.; Agran, J.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Exploring the spatiotemporal dynamics of brain regions involved in task preparation: A synthesis of four fast event-related optical imaging studies. Psychophysiology 2006, 43, S60-S60.

    • Maclin, E. L.; Low, K. A.; Lee, Y.; Fabiani, M.; Gratton, G., Increased modulation frequency improves the signal-to-noise ratio of the event related optical signal (EROS). Psychophysiology 2006, 43, S61-S61.

Press

The Communications Office maintains the information included in Beckman Institute's online directory listings. In order to update your directory listing, please submit the following information to directoryupdates@beckman.illinois.edu:

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  • a description of your research (approximately 200-400 words)
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