Scott Ray White, 55, passed away Monday (May 28, 2018) at home, surrounded by his loving family, after a long battle with ocular melanoma. White established the Autonomous Materials Systems Group at the Beckman Institute, bringing together students and faculty from a range of disciplines to develop new materials with biologically inspired functions. A celebration of life will be held Sunday, June 3, at 1 p.m. in the Beckman Institute auditorium on the University of Illinois campus.
Charles Schroeder, a professor in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, has been named a full-time faculty member in the Computational Molecular Science research group within the Molecular and Electronic Nanostructures research theme.
Christopher Evans, an assistant professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, has been named a part-time faculty member in the Computational Molecular Science research group within hte Molecular and Electronic Nanostructures research theme.
With smartphones, we can now carry millions of potential love interests in our pockets. The next person is just a few swipes, clicks, or texts away. However, having all this access doesn't mean people are happier. "People who self-described as having really addictive-style behaviors toward the internet and cellphones scored much higher on depression and anxiety scales," said Alejandro Lleras, an associate professor of psychology and member of the Mechanisms of Cognitive Control Group, who conducted a study in 2016 that linked technology addiction to anxiety and depression.
Understanding how neuropeptides function in cellular communication is important to understanding what happens when cell signaling goes wrong, as is the case in many diseases.
Watch the video of Stephen Boppart, professor of bioengineering and electrical and computer engineering, as he answers a few questions about the future of health care. Join the conversation on Twitter and Facebook: #scifuture
Rohit Bhargava, a professor of bioengineering, and Ph.D. graduate Matthew Gelber developed a free-form 3D printer that can create scaffoldings out of sugar for tissue engineering and manufacturing applications. Both are members of the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group.
A team from the Beckman Institute investigated the healing mechanisms of a novel topical ointment for diabetic wounds that is capable of promoting angiogenesis by inducing local physiological conditions that mimics hypoxia. Angiogenesis has a crucial role in many diseases and physiological responses, including wound healing. The topical treatment that was investigated mimics hypoxia via inhibition of prolyl hydroxylase, a key regulator of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF).
Ahmed Elbanna, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering and Beckman affiliate, has been awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER award to study the physics behind earthquakes with an eye toward more accurate predictive models.
John Rogers, a professor of materials science and engineering at Northwestern University, who continues his affiliation with Beckman’s 3D Micro- and Nanosystems Group, and Carle’s Dr. Charles Davies are developing the first-of-their-kind, non-invasive wireless sensors to determine health status and provide helpful predictive information to prevent disease. Rogers said the sensors resemble a child’s temporary tattoo but are virtually invisible after they attach to skin. Small but mighty, the sensors map variations in temperature and pressure across the body, at different locations simultaneously.
New research, reported in the journal Nature Chemistry, will aid those hoping to find a way to convert excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere into useful energy sources, said Prashant Jain, an associate professor of chemistry and member of the Nanoelectronics and Nanomaterials Group, who led the research. Scientists are one step closer to building a carbon-recycling system that can harvest solar energy to efficiently convert CO2 and water into liquid fuels. By optimizing many parts of the system, the researchers say, they can now drive two-electron chemical reactions, a substantial advance over one-electron reactions, which are energy inefficient.
Biochemists at the University of Illinois have isolated a protein supercomplex from a bacterial membrane that, like a battery, generates a voltage across the bacterial membrane. The voltage is used to make adenosine triposphate (ATP), a key energy currency of life. Team members with Beckman affiliations: Chang Sun, a postdoctoral research associate, and Emad Tajkhorshid, a professor of biochemistry. Tajkhorshid leads the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group.
The future of electronic devices lies partly within the “internet of things”—the network of devices, vehicles, and appliances embedded within electronics to enable connectivity and data exchange. Illinois engineers, led by Xiuling Li, a professor of electrical and computer engineering and member of the Nanoelectronics and Nanomaterials Group, are helping realize this future by minimizing the size of one notoriously large element of integrated circuits used for wireless communication—the transformer.
A new technique that uses tiny elastic balls filled with fluorescent nanoparticles aims to expand the understanding of the mechanical forces that exist between cells, researchers report. The research team—led by Ning Wang, a professor of mechanical science and engineering and a member of the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group—has demonstrated the quantification of 3D forces within cells living in petri dishes as well as live specimens. This research may unlock some of the mysteries related to embryonic development and cancer stem cells, i.e., tumor-repopulating cells.
Researchers at the Beckman Institute have developed a new polymer-curing process that could reduce the cost, time, and energy needed, compared with the current state-of-the-art manufacturing process.
Jeff Moore, a professor of chemistry, the director of the Beckman Institute, and a member of the Autonomous Materials Systems Group, has been named the 2018 recipient of the Stephanie L. Kwolek Award for exceptional contributions to the field of materials chemistry. Motivated by the need for materials that are safe and long-lasting, Moore’s research group integrates ideas from physical organic chemistry and engineering with molecular design and polymer synthesis to construct new functional materials.
Common cuckoos and oriental cuckoos in eastern Russia appear to be expanding their breeding range into western Alaska, where songbirds are naive to the cuckoos’ wily ways, researchers report. A new study, led by Mark Hauber, a professor of animal biology and member of the Cellular and Molecular Foundations of Intelligent Behavior Group, suggests the North American birds could suffer significant losses if cuckoos become established in Alaska.
Daniel Hyde, an assistant professor of psychology and member of the Illinois Language and Literacy Initiative, uses brain imaging to study infant cognition. In a new study, he found evidence to support the idea that infants have a basic knowledge of other people’s mental states.
Iwona Jasiuk, a professor of mechanical science and engineering and a member of the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group, was quoted in an article in Scientific American. Her comment was in relation to research from the University of York published in Science that offers a new understanding of how our bones’ components are fundamentally organized at the smallest scale.
Jacob is a junior in materials science and engineering, working with the Autonomous Materials Systems Group.
Timothy Bretl, aerospace engineering professor and member of Beckman's Mechanisms of Cognitive Control Group, is the principal investigator of a study developing a control algorithm that regulates the current so a prosthetics user feels steady sensation. Bretl collaborated with a team of researchers led by ECE Illinois alumnus Aadeel Akhtar.
John Stone, senior research programmer at Beckman and member of the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group, points out that improvements in the AVX-512 instruction set in the Intel Xeon Phi (and latest generation Intel Xeon processors) can deliver significant performance improvements for some time consuming molecular visualization kernels over most existing Intel Xeon CPUs. "At present, I can say that the Intel Xeon Phi processor is the highest performance CPU result I’ve benchmarked for this molecular orbital algorithm to date," said Stone.