A new optical method for more quickly and accurately determining whether breast tissue lesions are cancerous is described by University of Illinois researchers in the Journal of Biomedical Optics. The research was led by Gabriel Popescu of the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group.
Tumors are notoriously difficult to study in their natural habitat—body tissues—but a new synthetic tissue environment may give cancer researchers the next-best look at tumor growth and behavior. This research was co-led by Jeffrey Moore of the Autonomous Materials Systems Group.
The first Director's Seminar of fall 2015 is scheduled for September 10, featuring Jonathan Sweedler, chemistry professor and part-time faculty member of the NeuroTech Group. The presentation will start at noon in Beckman room 1005, and lunch will be provided.
A team from the University of Illinois and Indiana University combined two techniques to determine the structure of cyanostar, a new abiological molecule that captures unwanted negative ions in solutions.
A new study reveals that older adults who regularly engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity have more variable brain activity at rest than those who don’t. This variability is associated with better cognitive performance, the researchers say. The study was led by former Beckman postdoctoral researcher Agnieszka Burzynska and Beckman Director Art Kramer.
Aron Barbey, full-time faculty member in Beckman's Cognitive Neuroscience Group and assistant professor of speech and hearing science, has received a travel award from Frontiers, a community-rooted, open-access academic publisher. Barbey has been serving as the associate editor of Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.
Martha Gillette, full-time faculty member in Beckman's NeuroTech group and professor of cell and developmental biology, has been named the director of the Neuroscience Program in the College of Liberal Arts and Science at the University of Illinois. Gillette is a world-renowned scholar who has mentored more than 50 graduate and postdoctoral trainees. She served as Head of the Department of Cell and Structural/Developmental Biology from 1998-2008. Gillette replaces Susan Schantz, full-time faculty member in the NeuroTech Group and professor of comparative biosciences, who was serving as interim director.
Agnieszka Burzynska, former Beckman Institute postdoctoral researcher, Art Kramer, Beckman director, and their colleagues analyzed the brain and cognition of Olga Kotelko, a 93-year-old track-and-field athlete. Burzynska is now a professor at Colorado State University.
Princess Imoukhuede, Beckman affiliate in Bioimaging Science and Technology and assistant professor in bioengineering, has been named a 2105 Young Innovator of Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering for her work focusing on the endothelial receptor numbers VEGFRs, NRP1, and PDGFRs. This research demonstrates there is a cross-talk between receptor classes and lays a solid foundation for the development of more accurate, complex computational models to describe the factors driving angiogenesis. She will present a lecture at the Biomedical Engineering Society meeting in Tampa in October.
Naira Hovakimyan, Alex Kirlik, and Frances Wang, from Beckman's Human Perception and Performance Group, are part of a team of researchers that will be developing co-robots that can assist the elderly with activities of daily living and other chores, allowing this population to live independently for longer and improve their quality of life. The team recently received a $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation for a project called “ASPIRE,” short for Automation Supporting Prolonged Independent Residence for the Elderly.
A new study reveals that 9- and 10-year-old children who are aerobically fit tend to have significantly thinner gray matter than their “lower-fit” peers. Thinning of the outermost layer of brain cells in the cerebrum is associated with better mathematics performance, researchers report in the journal PLOS ONE, led by Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Beckman postdoctoral researcher, and Art Kramer and Charles Hillman, both of the Human Perception and Performance Group.
Dan Roth, part-time faculty member in the Articifial Intelligence Group and professor of computer science at Illinois, has been named a 2015-2016 David E. Linowes Faculty Fellow by the Cline Center for Democracy at Illinois. As a Fellow, Roth plans to expand the long-term partnership between the Cline Center and the Cognitive Computation Group by developing machine-learning based tools for transforming the raw natural language of news text into structured data about civil unrest and political violence.
Researchers from the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group have constructed an atomic model of the immature retrovirus RSV in order to understand and block the virus.
A new, $18.5 million Engineering Research Center led by Andrew Alleyne, a mechanical and science engineering professor, plans to develop new tools and technologies to pack more power into less space for electrical systems. The center is funded by the National Science Foundation and will be headquartered at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Beckman faculty members involved include Bill King and Paul Braun of the 3D Micro- and Nanosystems Group and Joe Lyding of the Nanoelectronics and Nanomaterials Group.
Four professors and their students will focus on bringing their work to the world by developing a technology and testing its commercial potential. Three of the professors are Beckman faculty members: Jianjun Cheng, of the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group; Xiuling Li, of the Nanoelectronics and Nanomaterials Group; and John Rogers, of the 3D Micro- and Nanosystems Group.
Many mammals, including seals and rats, rely on their whiskers to sense their way through dark environments. Inspired by these animals, scientists working at Illinois and Illinois’ Advanced Digital Sciences Centre in Singapore have developed a robotic “whisker” tactile sensor array designed to produce tomographic images by measuring fluid flow. The research was co-led by Douglas Jones of Beckman's Image Formation and Processing Group.
Illinois researchers, including Beckman affiliate and Vice President of Reserach Lawrence Schook, have genetically engineered a pig to induce the same types of cancer tumors seen in humans.
An international team of researchers found that the evolutionary loss of the “altruistic” worker caste in ants is not accompanied by a loss of genes. “This research reminds us of the importance of studying organisms with unusual natural history in order to get insight into the processes that govern diversity more generally,” says Andrew Suarez, a member of the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group.