You use a whole lot more than 10 percent of your brain—but a common fallacy that says otherwise is nonetheless the central premise of a new movie, Lucy. “We were a nutritionally marginal species early on,” the late William Greenough, a Beckman original and psychology professor, said in the mid-2000s. “A synapse is a very costly thing to support.”
Klara Nahrstedt, Beckman affiliate in the Image Formation and Processing Group at Beckman, and the Ralph and Catherine Fisher Professor of Computer Science at the University of Illinois, is one of six new members selected to the Computing Research Association’s Computing Community Consortium Council.
Aron Barbey, full-time faculty member in Cognitive Neuroscience, and colleagues found that brain regions that contribute to social problem solving also play a role in general intelligence.
Onyeama Osuagwu, a doctoral student working in Stephen Levinson's Language Acquisition and Robotics Lab, received an invitation to attend Google I/O, an annual event that displays Google's latest technological advances.
The world’s largest church is in the middle of an African coconut plantation. The structure’s estimated $300 million cost remains shrouded in mystery. “Most people think it also mostly came out of the treasury,” says Tom Bassett, member of the Social Dimensions of Environmental Policy strategic initiative at Beckman, and a geography professor at the U. of I.
Marni Boppart, from the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group, reported on a new study in mice revealing that mesenchymal stem cells help rejuvenate skeletal muscle after resistance exercise. The findings may lead to new interventions to combat age-related decline in muscle structure and function.
Sean Mullen, assistant professor in the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, has been appointed an affiliate faculty member in the Human Perception and Performance Research Group within the Human-Computer Intelligent Interaction research theme.
Prashant Jain, a member of the Nanoelectronics and Nanomaterials Group and professor of chemistry, is one of seven recipients of the Beckman Young Investigator Award from the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation. This highly competitive award of $750,000 over four years is "intended to provide research support to the most promising young faculty members in the early stages of academic careers in the chemical and life sciences, particularly to foster the invention of methods, instruments, and materials that will open up new avenues of research in science." Jain received the award for his work on nanoscale imaging of catalysts in action.
A new study led by Gene Robinson, Beckman faculty member and director of the Institute for Genomic Biology, examined changes in gene activity in response to diet in the Western honey bee, and found significant differences occur depending on what the bees eat.
A survey of 142 men and 516 women with experience in field studies in anthropology, archaeology, geology and other scientific disciplines reveals that many of them—particularly the younger ones—suffered or witnessed sexual harassment or sexual assault while at work in the field. “Our main findings—that women trainees were disproportionately targeted for abuse and felt they had few avenues to report or resolve these problems—suggest that at least some field sites are not safe, nor inclusive,” said Beckman affiliate Kate Clancy, who led the analysis.
A research team from Illinois, led by Beckman affiliate faculty member Kimani Toussaint, has developed a novel, tunable nanoantenna that paves the way for new kinds of plasmonic-based optomechanical systems, whereby plasmonic field enhancement can actuate mechanical motion.
A new study shows that giving yourself advice and encouragement in the second person before an upcoming task may actually boost your performance more than a first-person self-talk. “People are used to receiving and giving advice in the second person, and they seem to prefer using the second-person pronoun to psych themselves up before engaging in action,” says study co-author Sanda Dolcos, a postdoctoral researcher at the Beckman Institute.
Gabriel Popescu, full-time faculty member of the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group, is feautured in Microscopy and Analysis for his pioneering work in quantitative phase imaging.
Going for regular brisk walks may improve symptoms among people with Parkinson’s disease and boost their quality of life, according to a preliminary study. Beckman Director Art Kramer collaborated on the study with reserachers from the University of Iowa, including former Beckman graduate and postdoctoral student Michelle Voss.
Rohit Bhargava, of the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group, and Benita Katzenellenbogen, an expert in breast cancer endocrinology in the Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology and a Beckman seed grant awardee, identified the reasons why endocrine therapies fail in treating breast cancer in some women. They also designed a method to determine which patients would be long-term responders at the time of the first biopsy.
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) has named Jeffrey Moore, of the Autonomous Materials Systems Group, an HHMI Professor. Moore will receive a five-year grant from HHMI. According to the institute, “HHMI professors are accomplished research scientists who also are deeply committed to making science more engaging for undergraduates. Their innovative approaches to teaching are infusing undergraduate science with the excitement and rigor of scientific research, and are becoming models for fundamental reform of the way undergraduate science is taught at research universities.”
In his new role, Cohen, of the Cognitive Neuroscience Group, will work closely with researchers across campus, as well as the Offices of the Chancellor, Provost, Vice Chancellor for Research, and relevant academic and research units, to develop a new Interdisciplinary Health Sciences Institute as envisioned in the Campus Strategic Plan.
Beckman researchers Narayana Aluru, Iwona Jasiuk, and Taras Pogorelov were three of the nine researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign that have been selected to receive fellowships with research support that will enable them to pursue collaborative projects with the researchers and computer technology experts at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA).